Tung Tung - 17 days ago 7
Javascript Question

Accommodate multiple Backbone views, models and collections in the same page

I am struggling with displaying two models/collections in the same page.

<body>

<div id="mainContainer">
<div id="contentContainer"></div>
</div>
<div id="mainContainer2">
<div id="contentContainer2"></div>
</div>

<script id="list_container_tpl" type="text/template">
<div class="grid_5 listContainer">
<div class="box">
<h2 class="box_head grad_colour">Your tasks</h2>
<div class="sorting">Show: <select id="taskSorting"><option value="0">All Current</option><option value="1">Completed</option></select>
<input class="search round_all" id="searchTask" type="text" value="">
</div>
<div class="block">
<ul id="taskList" class="list"></ul>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</script>

<script id="list2_container_tpl" type="text/template">
<div class="grid_5 mylistContainer">
<div class="box">
<h2 class="box_head grad_colour">Your facets</h2>
<div class="sorting">
%{--Show: <select id="taskSorting"><option value="0">All Current</option><option value="1">Completed</option></select>--}%
<input class="search round_all" id="searchFacet" type="text" value="">
</div>
<div class="block">
<ul id="facetList" class="list"></ul>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</script>


<script id="task_item_tpl" type="text/template">
<li class="task">
<h4 class="name searchItem">{{ name }}</h4>
</li>
</script>
<script id="facet_item_tpl" type="text/template">
<li class="facet">
<h5 class="label searchItem">{{ label }}</h5>
</li>
</script>

<script>
var myapp = {
model: {},
view: {},
collection: {},
router: {}
};
var facetsSearch = {
model: {},
view: {},
collection: {},
router: {}
};
</script>

<script src="underscore-min.js"></script>
<script src="handlebars.min.js"></script>
<script src="backbone-min.js"></script>
<script>
/* avoid */
_.templateSettings = {
interpolate: /\{\{(.+?)\}\}/g
};
</script>
<script>
// model.tasks.js
myapp.model.Tasks = Backbone.Model.extend({
default:{
completed: 0,
name: ""
},
//url:"/js/libs/fixtures/task.json"
});
var tasks1 = new myapp.model.Tasks({
completed: 0,
name: "Clear dishes"
}
);
var tasks2 = new myapp.model.Tasks({
completed: 1,
name: "Get out the trash"
}
);
var tasks3 = new myapp.model.Tasks({
completed: 0,
name: "Do the laundry"
}
);
var tasks4 = new myapp.model.Tasks({
completed: 1,
name: "Vacuuming the carpet"
}
);

// collection.tasks.js
myapp.collection.Tasks = Backbone.Collection.extend({
currentStatus : function(status){
return _(this.filter(function(data) {
return data.get("completed") == status;
}));
},
search : function(letters){
if (letters == "") return this;

var pattern = new RegExp(letters,"gi");
return _(this.filter(function(data) {
return pattern.test(data.get("name"));
}));
}
});
myapp.collection.tasks = new myapp.collection.Tasks([tasks1, tasks2, tasks3, tasks4]);

// route.tasks.js
myapp.router.Tasks = Backbone.Router.extend({
routes: {
"": "list",
},
list: function(){
this.listContainerView = new myapp.view.TasksContainer({
collection: myapp.collection.tasks
});
$("#contentContainer").append(this.listContainerView.render().el);
this.listContainerView.sorts()
}
});
myapp.router.tasks = new myapp.router.Tasks;

<!-- render views -->
myapp.view.TasksContainer = Backbone.View.extend({
events: {
"keyup #searchTask" : "search",
"change #taskSorting" : "sorts"
},
render: function(data) {
$(this.el).html(this.template);
return this;
},
renderList : function(tasks){
$("#taskList").html("");

tasks.each(function(task){
var view = new myapp.view.TasksItem({
model: task,
collection: this.collection
});
$("#taskList").append(view.render().el);
});
return this;
},
initialize : function(){
this.template = _.template($("#list_container_tpl").html());
this.collection.bind("reset", this.render, this);
},
search: function(e){
var letters = $("#searchTask").val();
this.renderList(this.collection.search(letters));
},
sorts: function(e){
var status = $("#taskSorting").find("option:selected").val();
if (status == "") status = 0;
this.renderList(this.collection.currentStatus(status));
}
});
myapp.view.TasksItem = Backbone.View.extend({
events: {},
render: function(data) {
$(this.el).html(this.template(this.model.toJSON()));
console.log(this.model.toJSON(), "became", this.template(this.model.toJSON()));
return this;
},
initialize : function(){
this.template = _.template($("#task_item_tpl").html());
}
});
</script>

<script>
// model.facets.js
facetsSearch.model.Facets = Backbone.Model.extend({
default: {
id: 0,
label: "",
facetValues: []
}
});

var facet1 = new facetsSearch.model.Facets({
id: 1,
label: "Organism",
facetValues: ["Orga1", "Orga2"]
});
var facet2 = new facetsSearch.model.Facets({
id: 2,
label: "Omics",
facetValues: ["Omics1", "Omics2"]
});
var facet3 = new facetsSearch.model.Facets({
id: 3,
label: "Publication Date",
facetValues: ["2016-11-01", "2016-11-02"]
});

// collection.facets.js
facetsSearch.collection.Facets = Backbone.Collection.extend({
search : function(letters){
if (letters == "") return this;

/**
* the g modifier is used to perform a global match (find all matches rather than stopping after the first match).
* Tip: To perform a global, case-insensitive search, use this modifier together with the "i" modifier.
*/
var pattern = new RegExp(letters, "gi");
return _(this.filter(function(data) {
return pattern.test(data.get("label"));
}));
}
});
facetsSearch.collection.facets = new facetsSearch.collection.Facets([facet1, facet2, facet3]);

// route.facets.js
facetsSearch.router.Facets = Backbone.Router.extend({
routes: {
"": "list",
},
list: function(){
this.mylistContainerView = new facetsSearch.view.FacetsContainer({
collection: facetsSearch.collection.facets
});
console.log("Facet collection: ", facetsSearch.collection.facets);
$("#contentContainer2").append(this.mylistContainerView.render().el);
this.mylistContainerView.sorts()
}
});

facetsSearch.router.Facets = new facetsSearch.router.Facets;

facetsSearch.view.FacetsContainer = Backbone.View.extend({
events: {
"keyup #searchFacet" : "search",
"change #facetSorting": "sorts"
},
render: function(data) {
$(this.el).html(this.template);
return this;
},
renderList : function(facets){
$("#facetList").html("");

facets.each(function(facet){
var view2 = new facetsSearch.view.FacetsItem({
model: facet,
collection: this.collection
});
$("#facetList").append(view2.render().el);
});
return this;
},
initialize : function(){
this.template = _.template($("#list2_container_tpl").html());
this.collection.bind("reset", this.render, this);
},
search: function(e){
var letters = $("#searchFacet").val();
this.renderList(this.collection.search(letters));
},
sorts: function(e){
/*var status = $("#taskSorting").find("option:selected").val();
if (status == "") status = 0;
this.renderList(this.collection.currentStatus(status));*/
}
});
facetsSearch.view.FacetsItem = Backbone.View.extend({
events: {},
render: function(data) {
$(this.el).html(this.template(this.model.toJSON()));
console.log(this.model.toJSON(), "became", this.template(this.model.toJSON()));
return this;
},
initialize : function(){
this.template = _.template($("#facet_item_tpl").html());
}
});

</script>
<script>
Backbone.history.start();
</script>
</body>


Display Tasks and Facets

The problem



To display Tasks above Your facets. I created two bunches of codes to render Tasks and Facets but modified the variable names respectively. Unfortunately, the former cannot be displayed.

T J T J
Answer

As Emile mentioned in his detailed answer, your problem is that you're initializing multiple routers with the same route.

Since you seem to be beginning with Backbone, I'll give you a simpler answer than creating a complicated Layout (parent) view:

Just have a single handler for the specific route, and initialize both your views inside it.

It'll look something like:

myapp.router = Backbone.Router.extend({
  routes: {
    "": "list",
  },
  list: function() {
    this.listContainerView = new myapp.view.TasksContainer({
      collection: myapp.collection.tasks
    });
    $("#contentContainer").append(this.listContainerView.render().el);

    this.listContainerView.sorts(); //this can be done inside the view
    this.mylistContainerView = new facetsSearch.view.FacetsContainer({
      collection: facetsSearch.collection.facets
    });
    $("#contentContainer2").append(this.mylistContainerView.render().el);
    this.mylistContainerView.sorts(); //this can be done inside the view
  }
});

You simply initialize 2 views in the same route.

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