Yvette Yvette - 1 year ago 189
Android Question

How to vary between child and parent view group touch events

I decided to post this question and answer in response to this comment to this question:

How to handle click in the child Views, and touch in the parent ViewGroups?

I will paste the comment here:

Suppose I want to override the touch events only for handling some of
the children, what can I do inside this function to have it working ?
I mean, for some children it would work as usual, and for some, the
parent-view will decide if they will get the touch events or not.

So the question is this: How do I prevent the parent
from overriding some child elements'
, while having it override those of other children?

Answer Source
  1. The onTouchEvents() for nested view groups can be managed by the boolean onInterceptTouchEvent.

The default value for the OnInterceptTouchEvent is false.

The parent's onTouchEvent is received before the child's. If the OnInterceptTouchEvent returns false, it sends the motion event down the chain to the child's OnTouchEvent handler. If it returns true the parent's will handle the touch event.

However there may be instances when we want some child elements to manage OnTouchEvents and some to be managed by the parent view (or possibly the parent of the parent).

This can be managed in more than one way.

  1. One way a child element can be protected from the parent's OnInterceptTouchEvent is by implementing the requestDisallowInterceptTouchEvent.

public void requestDisallowInterceptTouchEvent (boolean disallowIntercept)

This prevents any of the parent views from managing the OnTouchEvent for this element, if the element has event handlers enabled.

  1. If the OnInterceptTouchEvent is false, the child element's OnTouchEvent will be evaluated. If you have a methods within the child elements handling the various touch events, any related event handlers that are disabled will return the OnTouchEvent to the parent.

This answer:
http://stackoverflow.com/a/13540006/3956566 gives a good visualisation of how the propagation of touch events passes through:
parent -> child|parent -> child|parent -> child views.

  1. Another way is returning varying values from the OnInterceptTouchEvent for the parent.

This example taken from Managing Touch Events in a ViewGroup and demonstrates how to intercept the child's OnTouchEvent when the user is scrolling.


public boolean onInterceptTouchEvent(MotionEvent ev) {
     * This method JUST determines whether we want to intercept the motion.
     * If we return true, onTouchEvent will be called and we do the actual
     * scrolling there.

    final int action = MotionEventCompat.getActionMasked(ev);

    // Always handle the case of the touch gesture being complete.
    if (action == MotionEvent.ACTION_CANCEL || action == MotionEvent.ACTION_UP) {
        // Release the scroll.
        mIsScrolling = false;
        return false; // Do not intercept touch event, let the child handle it

    switch (action) {
        case MotionEvent.ACTION_MOVE: {
            if (mIsScrolling) {
                // We're currently scrolling, so yes, intercept the 
                // touch event!
                return true;

            // If the user has dragged her finger horizontally more than 
            // the touch slop, start the scroll

            // left as an exercise for the reader
            final int xDiff = calculateDistanceX(ev); 

            // Touch slop should be calculated using ViewConfiguration 
            // constants.
            if (xDiff > mTouchSlop) { 
                // Start scrolling!
                mIsScrolling = true;
                return true;

    // In general, we don't want to intercept touch events. They should be 
    // handled by the child view.
    return false;

Edit: To answer comments.
This is some code from the same link showing how to create the parameters of the rectangle around your element:

// The hit rectangle for the ImageButton

// Extend the touch area of the ImageButton beyond its bounds
// on the right and bottom.
delegateArea.right += 100;
delegateArea.bottom += 100;

// Instantiate a TouchDelegate.
// "delegateArea" is the bounds in local coordinates of 
// the containing view to be mapped to the delegate view.
// "myButton" is the child view that should receive motion
// events.
TouchDelegate touchDelegate = new TouchDelegate(delegateArea, myButton);

// Sets the TouchDelegate on the parent view, such that touches 
// within the touch delegate bounds are routed to the child.
if (View.class.isInstance(myButton.getParent())) {
    ((View) myButton.getParent()).setTouchDelegate(touchDelegate);
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