Kirk Ouimet Kirk Ouimet - 1 year ago 301
PHP Question

Converting Python Code to PHP

Is there a software converter out there that can automatically convert this python code to PHP?

import math

def calcNumEntropyBits(s):
if len(s) <= 0: return 0.0
symCount = {}
for c in s:
if c not in symCount: symCount[c] = 1
else: symCount[c] += 1
entropy = 0.0
for c,n in symCount.iteritems():
prob = n / float(len(s))
entropy += prob * (math.log(prob)/math.log(2))
if entropy >= 0.0: return 0.0
else: return -(entropy*len(s))

def testEntropy(s):
print "Bits of entropy in '%s' is %.2f" % (s, calcNumEntropyBits(s))

testEntropy('hello world')
testEntropy('bubba dubba')

Answer Source

I'm not aware of any Python-to-PHP converter in the wild, but it should be a trivial task to port and the similarities are quite easy to spot:

function calcNumEntropyBits($s) {
        if (strlen($s) <= 0) return 0.0;
        $symCount = array();
        foreach (str_split($s) as $c) {
                if (!in_array($c,$symCount)) $symCount[$c] = 1;
                else $symCount[$c] ++;
        $entropy = 0.0;
        foreach ($symCount as $c=>$n) {
                $prob = $n / (float)strlen($s);
                $entropy += $prob * log($prob)/log(2);
        if ($entropy >= 0.0) return 0.0;
        else return -($entropy*strlen($s));

function testEntropy($s):
        printf("Bits of entropy in '%s' is %.2f",$s,calcNumEntropyBits($s));

testEntropy('hello world');
testEntropy('bubba dubba');

The last few lines in the first function could have also been written as a standard PHP ternary expression:

return ($entropy >= 0.0)? 0.0: -($entropy*strlen($s));
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