Voo Voo - 1 month ago 22
JSON Question

SignalR Typenamehandling

I am trying to get SignalR to work with custom JsonSerializerSettings for its payload, specifically I'm trying to set

TypeNameHandling = TypeNameHandling.Auto
.

The problem seems to be, that SignalR uses the settings in
hubConnection.JsonSerializer
and
GlobalHost.DependencyResolver.Resolve<JsonSerializer>()
for its internal data structures as well which then causes all kinds of havoc (internal server crashes when I set
TypeNameHandling.All
as the most crass example, but with
TypeNameHandling.Auto
I also get problems, particularly when
IProgress<>
callbacks are involved).

Is there any workaround or am I just doing it wrong?

Sample code to demonstrate:

Server:

class Program
{
static void Main(string[] args)
{
using (WebApp.Start("http://localhost:8080"))
{
Console.ReadLine();
}
}
}

public class Startup
{
public void Configuration(IAppBuilder app)
{
var hubConfig = new HubConfiguration()
{
EnableDetailedErrors = true
};
GlobalHost.DependencyResolver.Register(typeof(JsonSerializer), ConverterSettings.GetSerializer);
app.MapSignalR(hubConfig);
}
}

public interface IFoo
{
string Val { get; set; }
}
public class Foo : IFoo
{
public string Val { get; set; }
}

public class MyHub : Hub
{
public IFoo Send()
{
return new Foo { Val = "Hello World" };
}
}


Client:

class Program
{
static void Main(string[] args)
{
Task.Run(async () => await Start()).Wait();
}

public static async Task Start()
{
var hubConnection = new HubConnection("http://localhost:8080");
hubConnection.JsonSerializer = ConverterSettings.GetSerializer();
var proxy = hubConnection.CreateHubProxy("MyHub");
await hubConnection.Start();
var result = await proxy.Invoke<IFoo>("Send");
Console.WriteLine(result.GetType());
}


Shared:

public static class ConverterSettings
{
public static JsonSerializer GetSerializer()
{
return JsonSerializer.Create(new JsonSerializerSettings()
{
TypeNameHandling = TypeNameHandling.All
});
}
}

dbc dbc
Answer

This can be done by taking advantage of the fact that your types and the SignalR types are in different assemblies. The idea is to create a JsonConverter that applies to all types from your assemblies. When a type from one of your assemblies is first encountered in the object graph (possibly as the root object), the converter would temporarily set jsonSerializer.TypeNameHandling = TypeNameHandling.Auto, then proceed with the standard serialization for the type, disabling itself for the duration to prevent infinite recursion:

public class PolymorphicAssemblyRootConverter : JsonConverter
{
    [ThreadStatic]
    static bool disabled;

    // Disables the converter in a thread-safe manner.
    bool Disabled { get { return disabled; } set { disabled = value; } }

    public override bool CanWrite { get { return !Disabled; } }

    public override bool CanRead { get { return !Disabled; } }

    readonly HashSet<Assembly> assemblies;

    public PolymorphicAssemblyRootConverter(IEnumerable<Assembly> assemblies)
    {
        if (assemblies == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException();
        this.assemblies = new HashSet<Assembly>(assemblies);
    }

    public override bool CanConvert(Type objectType)
    {
        return assemblies.Contains(objectType.Assembly);
    }

    public override object ReadJson(JsonReader reader, Type objectType, object existingValue, JsonSerializer serializer)
    {
        using (new PushValue<bool>(true, () => Disabled, val => Disabled = val)) // Prevent infinite recursion of converters
        using (new PushValue<TypeNameHandling>(TypeNameHandling.Auto, () => serializer.TypeNameHandling, val => serializer.TypeNameHandling = val))
        {
            return serializer.Deserialize(reader, objectType);
        }
    }

    public override void WriteJson(JsonWriter writer, object value, JsonSerializer serializer)
    {
        using (new PushValue<bool>(true, () => Disabled, val => Disabled = val)) // Prevent infinite recursion of converters
        using (new PushValue<TypeNameHandling>(TypeNameHandling.Auto, () => serializer.TypeNameHandling, val => serializer.TypeNameHandling = val))
        {
            // Force the $type to be written unconditionally by passing typeof(object) as the type being serialized.
            serializer.Serialize(writer, value, typeof(object));
        }
    }
}

public struct PushValue<T> : IDisposable
{
    Action<T> setValue;
    T oldValue;

    public PushValue(T value, Func<T> getValue, Action<T> setValue)
    {
        if (getValue == null || setValue == null)
            throw new ArgumentNullException();
        this.setValue = setValue;
        this.oldValue = getValue();
        setValue(value);
    }

    #region IDisposable Members

    // By using a disposable struct we avoid the overhead of allocating and freeing an instance of a finalizable class.
    public void Dispose()
    {
        if (setValue != null)
            setValue(oldValue);
    }

    #endregion
}

Then in startup you would add this converter to the default JsonSerializer, passing in the assemblies for which you want "$type" applied.

Update

If for whatever reason it's inconvenient to pass the list of assemblies in at startup, you could enable the converter by objectType.Namespace. All types living in your specified namespaces would automatically get serialized with TypeNameHandling.Auto.

Alternatively, you could introduce an Attribute which targets an assembly, class or interface and enables TypeNameHandling.Auto when combined with the appropriate converter:

public class EnableJsonTypeNameHandlingConverter : JsonConverter
{
    [ThreadStatic]
    static bool disabled;

    // Disables the converter in a thread-safe manner.
    bool Disabled { get { return disabled; } set { disabled = value; } }

    public override bool CanWrite { get { return !Disabled; } }

    public override bool CanRead { get { return !Disabled; } }

    public override bool CanConvert(Type objectType)
    {
        if (Disabled)
            return false;
        if (objectType.Assembly.GetCustomAttributes<EnableJsonTypeNameHandlingAttribute>().Any())
            return true;
        if (objectType.GetCustomAttributes<EnableJsonTypeNameHandlingAttribute>(true).Any())
            return true;
        foreach (var type in objectType.GetInterfaces())
            if (type.GetCustomAttributes<EnableJsonTypeNameHandlingAttribute>(true).Any())
                return true;
        return false;
    }

    public override object ReadJson(JsonReader reader, Type objectType, object existingValue, JsonSerializer serializer)
    {
        using (new PushValue<bool>(true, () => Disabled, val => Disabled = val)) // Prevent infinite recursion of converters
        using (new PushValue<TypeNameHandling>(TypeNameHandling.Auto, () => serializer.TypeNameHandling, val => serializer.TypeNameHandling = val))
        {
            return serializer.Deserialize(reader, objectType);
        }
    }

    public override void WriteJson(JsonWriter writer, object value, JsonSerializer serializer)
    {
        using (new PushValue<bool>(true, () => Disabled, val => Disabled = val)) // Prevent infinite recursion of converters
        using (new PushValue<TypeNameHandling>(TypeNameHandling.Auto, () => serializer.TypeNameHandling, val => serializer.TypeNameHandling = val))
        {
            // Force the $type to be written unconditionally by passing typeof(object) as the type being serialized.
            serializer.Serialize(writer, value, typeof(object));
        }
    }
}

[System.AttributeUsage(System.AttributeTargets.Assembly | System.AttributeTargets.Class | System.AttributeTargets.Interface)]
public class EnableJsonTypeNameHandlingAttribute : System.Attribute
{
    public EnableJsonTypeNameHandlingAttribute()
    {
    }
}

Note - tested with various test cases but not SignalR itself since I don't currently have it installed.

Comments