Shawn D. Shawn D. - 1 month ago 18
Java Question

How can I get a list of trusted root certificates in Java?

I would like to be able to get access to all trusted root certificates programmatically in a Java app.

I was looking at the keystore interface, but I'm hoping to get the list of trusted roots that's implicit with the JRE.

Is this accessible anywhere?

Answer

There's an example at Example Depot that shows how to get a Set of the root certificates and iterate through them called Listing the Most-Trusted Certificate Authorities (CA) in a Key Store. Here's a slightly modified version that prints out each certificate (tested on Windows Vista).

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.security.InvalidAlgorithmParameterException;
import java.security.KeyStore;
import java.security.KeyStoreException;
import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;
import java.security.cert.CertificateException;
import java.security.cert.PKIXParameters;
import java.security.cert.TrustAnchor;
import java.security.cert.X509Certificate;
import java.util.Iterator;


public class Main {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        try {
            // Load the JDK's cacerts keystore file
            String filename = System.getProperty("java.home") + "/lib/security/cacerts".replace('/', File.separatorChar);
            FileInputStream is = new FileInputStream(filename);
            KeyStore keystore = KeyStore.getInstance(KeyStore.getDefaultType());
            String password = "changeit";
            keystore.load(is, password.toCharArray());

            // This class retrieves the most-trusted CAs from the keystore
            PKIXParameters params = new PKIXParameters(keystore);

            // Get the set of trust anchors, which contain the most-trusted CA certificates
            Iterator it = params.getTrustAnchors().iterator();
            while( it.hasNext() ) {
                TrustAnchor ta = (TrustAnchor)it.next();
                // Get certificate
                X509Certificate cert = ta.getTrustedCert();
                System.out.println(cert);
            }
        } catch (CertificateException e) {
        } catch (KeyStoreException e) {
        } catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
        } catch (InvalidAlgorithmParameterException e) {
        } catch (IOException e) {
        } 
    }
}