Noel Yap Noel Yap - 11 months ago 109
JSON Question

How to POST JSON request using Apache HttpClient?

I have something like the following:

final String url = "http://example.com";

final HttpClient httpClient = new HttpClient();
final PostMethod postMethod = new PostMethod(url);
postMethod.addRequestHeader("Content-Type", "application/json");
postMethod.addParameters(new NameValuePair[]{
new NameValuePair("name", "value)
});
httpClient.executeMethod(httpMethod);
postMethod.getResponseBodyAsStream();
postMethod.releaseConnection();


It keeps coming back with a 500. The service provider says I need to send JSON. How is that done with Apache HttpClient 3.1+?

Answer

Apache HttpClient doesn't know anything about JSON, so you'll need to construct your JSON separately. To do so, I recommend checking out the simple Java library at http://www.json.org/java/index.html

Once you've generated your JSON, you can use something like the code below to POST it

StringRequestEntity requestEntity = new StringRequestEntity(
    JSON_STRING,
    "application/json",
    "UTF-8");

PostMethod postMethod = new PostMethod("http://example.com/action");
postMethod.setRequestEntity(requestEntity);

int statusCode = httpClient.executeMethod(postMethod);

Edit

Note - The above answer, as asked for in the question, applies to Apache HttpClient 3.1. However, to help anyone looking for an implementation against the latest Apache client:

StringEntity requestEntity = new StringEntity(
    JSON_STRING,
    ContentType.APPLICATION_JSON);

HttpPost postMethod = new HttpPost("http://example.com/action");
postMethod.setEntity(requestEntity);

HttpResponse rawResponse = httpclient.execute(postMethod);