Brandon A Brandon A - 10 months ago 48
Swift Question

Swift 3: Meaning of parenthesis around unwrapped optional

I have noticed when I code in Swift I routinely get an auto correct from the compiler when I use optionals and I am trying to understand the meaning behind this. When I have a variable that is optional and I try to use without unwrapping it, I often get a

autocorrection from Xcode.

In my code I have an optional property that will be the data source collection for my

var procedures: [Procedure]?

First I will try to use it like so:

enter image description here

The compiler is telling me that I need to use the
syntax suffix for my

enter image description here

So I click on the little red circle and have it autocorrect for me like so:

enter image description here

But now the compiler is still complaining. About what you ask? Well, it apparently wants
to be enclosed in parenthesis with the
bang operator at the end...

So I click the little red circle again and have it auto correct like so:

enter image description here

Now the compiler is happy, but I am not. Why am I not happy you ask? Because I do not understand what the
parenthesis are doing here.

Could someone please explain?

Answer Source

So as you can see, you are declaring your procedures as an optional

var procedures: [Procedure]?

then you are trying to pass it to a function that will accept Procedure

cell.configureWithProcedure(procedure: Procedure)

Then you are trying to access your procedure with index like this


That will result an error because self.procedures is an optional, so you need to unwrap it, then you try to add ?


This will solve the problem, but the result of it won't be a normal Procedure but an Optional Procedure -> Procedure?.
So XCode give you a hint to unwrap it because your configureWithProcedure ask for Procedure not Procedure? in one line that will be writen like this


This operation will result unwrapped Procedure, but I don't recommend you to use the ! operator because it's dangerous, so I recommend you to do like this

if let procedure = self.procedures?[indexPath.row] {
    cell.configureWithProcedure(procedure: procedure)


in your case you can return an empty cell if procedure isn't exist

extension UITableViewCell {
    dynamic class func emptyCell() -> UITableViewCell {
        let cell = UITableViewCell(style: UITableViewCellStyle.Default, reuseIdentifier: nil)
        cell.selectionStyle = UITableViewCellSelectionStyle.None
        return cell

and write it like this

if let procedure = self.procedures?[indexPath.row] {
    cell.configureWithProcedure(procedure: procedure)
} else {
    return UITableView.emptyCell()

or even better use guard

guard let procedure = self.procedures?[indexPath.row] else {
   return UITableView.emptyCell()
cell.configureWithProcedure(procedure: procedure)

Hope my answer can help you!