Kraken Kraken - 17 days ago 6
C Question

Catalan Number in using Dynamic Prog

I was calculating the number of Binary Search Trees with n nodes, and I found out that it is Catalan Number.

Now, using DP, here's my attempt.

create arr[n+1];
arr[0]=1;
arr[1]=1;
for(i=2;i<n+1;i++)
arr[i]=0;
for(j=1;j<i;j++)
arr[i]+=arr[i-j]*arr[j];

//arr[n] gives the answer?


Is this the right way?

Can it be any better?

Answer

I don't think that your code works. Do you mean the number of unique Binary Search Trees with numbers from 1 to n?

For n = 3, the number should be 5. But your code gave me the result 2.

1         3     3      2      1
 \       /     /      / \      \
  3     2     1      1   3      2
 /     /       \                 \
2     1         2                 3

Here is my solution:

int numTrees(int n) {
    int dp[n+1];
    memset(dp, 0, sizeof(dp));
    dp[0] = 1;
    dp[1] = 1;
    for (int i = 2; i <= n; ++i)
        for (int j = 1; j <= i; j++)
            dp[i] += dp[j-1] * dp[i-j];
    return dp[n];
}

For Catalan Number, P(3) = P(1)P(2) + P(2)P(1).

But in this problem, P(3) = P(0)P(2) + P(1)P(1) + P(2)P(0).

So, I guess it's not Catalan Numbers. Hope this could help you.