gogowitczak gogowitczak - 1 year ago 185
Android Question

Can't add xstream 1.4.8 dependency to Android using gradle

I'm having difficulties with including xstream library to my Android gradle-based app. From what I've read in xstream documentation, it should work "out of the box". However, when I add dependency:

compile 'com.thoughtworks.xstream:xstream:1.4.8'

I get following exception during build process:

* What went wrong:
Execution failed for task ':app:transformClassesWithJarMergingForDebug'.
> com.android.build.api.transform.TransformException: java.util.zip.ZipException: duplicate entry: org/xmlpull/v1/XmlPullParser.class

Ok, so maybe I should exclude xmlpull? I tried changing this dependency to:

compile ('com.thoughtworks.xstream:xstream:1.4.8') {
exclude group: 'xmlpull', module: 'xmlpull'

And, as a result, after some time:

java.lang.RuntimeException: Exception parsing classes
at com.android.dx.command.dexer.Main.processClass(Main.java:752)
// ...
Caused by: com.android.dx.cf.iface.ParseException: bad class file magic (cafebabe) or version (0034.0000)
at com.android.dx.cf.direct.DirectClassFile.parse0(DirectClassFile.java:472)
// ...
1 error; aborting

I've also checked project dependencies using
gradle dependencies
, but found nothing xml-related there.

My whole

group 'myGroup'
version '1.0'

apply plugin: 'com.android.application'

buildscript {
repositories {
dependencies {
classpath 'com.android.tools.build:gradle:1.5.0'

android {
compileSdkVersion 23
buildToolsVersion "23.0.2"
useLibrary 'org.apache.http.legacy'

defaultConfig {
applicationId "edu.foo.app"
minSdkVersion 19
targetSdkVersion 23
versionCode 1
versionName "1.0"
multiDexEnabled true

buildTypes {
release {
minifyEnabled false
//proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.pro'

packagingOptions {
exclude 'META-INF/LICENSE.txt'
exclude 'META-INF/NOTICE.txt'

repositories {

maven {
url 'https://repository-achartengine.forge.cloudbees.com/snapshot/'

dependencies {
testCompile 'junit:junit:4.12'

compile 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:23.1.1'
compile 'com.android.support:design:23.1.1'
compile project(':Commons')

compile 'commons-io:commons-io:2.4'
compile 'commons-codec:commons-codec:1.10'
compile 'com.nostra13.universalimageloader:universal-image-loader:1.9.4'

compile 'org.achartengine:achartengine:1.2.0'

compile 'com.google.code.gson:gson:2.4'

compile 'com.thoughtworks.xstream:xstream:1.4.8'

// compile ('com.thoughtworks.xstream:xstream:1.4.8') {
// exclude group: 'xmlpull', module: 'xmlpull'
// }

What should I do to include xstream library to my project?

Answer Source

Solution was to downgrade xstream to v1.4.7 and exclude xmlpull.

compile ('com.thoughtworks.xstream:xstream:1.4.7') {
    exclude group: 'xmlpull', module: 'xmlpull'

I don't know exactly why, but I'd guess that it must be java8-related.

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