Maiasaura Maiasaura - 3 months ago 40
R Question

Elegant way to check for missing packages and install them?

I seem to be sharing a lot of code with coauthors these days. Many of them are novice/intermediate R users and don't realize that they have to install packages they don't already have.

Is there an elegant way to call

installed.packages()
, compare that to the ones I am loading and install if missing?

Answer

Yes. If you have your list of packages, compare it to the output from installed.packages()[,"Package"] and install the missing packages. Something like this:

list.of.packages <- c("ggplot2", "Rcpp")
new.packages <- list.of.packages[!(list.of.packages %in% installed.packages()[,"Package"])]
if(length(new.packages)) install.packages(new.packages)

Otherwise:

If you put your code in a package and make them dependencies, then they will automatically be installed when you install your package.