Miserable Variable Miserable Variable - 1 year ago 151
Java Question

A better class to update property files?

Though java.util.properties allows reading and writing properties file, the writing does not preserve the formatting. Not surprising, because it is not tied to the property file.

Is there a PropertyFile class out there -- or some such -- that preserves comments and blank lines and updates property values in in place?

Answer Source

It doesn't get much better than Apache's Commons Configuration API. This provides a unified approach to configuration from Property files, XML, JNDI, JDBC datasources, etc.

It's handling of property files is very good. It allows you to generate a PropertiesConfigurationLayout object from your property which preserves as much information about your property file as possible (whitespaces, comments etc). When you save changes to the property file, these will be preserved as best as possible.

Sample code:

import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;

import org.apache.commons.configuration.ConfigurationException;
import org.apache.commons.configuration.PropertiesConfiguration;
import org.apache.commons.configuration.PropertiesConfigurationLayout;

public class PropertiesReader {
    public static void main(String args[]) throws ConfigurationException, FileNotFoundException {
        File file = new File(args[0] + ".properties");

        PropertiesConfiguration config = new PropertiesConfiguration();
        PropertiesConfigurationLayout layout = new PropertiesConfigurationLayout(config);
        layout.load(new InputStreamReader(new FileInputStream(file)));

        config.setProperty("test", "testValue");

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