Etienne Charland Etienne Charland - 1 year ago 366
C# Question

Calling DB Function with Entity Framework 6

I followed these instructions to add a scalar function into my Entity Framework 6 data model.
How to use scalar-valued function with linq to entity?

However, I'm not able to call the function within a LINQ query, although calling the method directly on the DataContext works.

using (Entities context = new Entities()) {
// This works.
var Test1 = context.fn_GetRatingValue(8, 9, 0).FirstOrDefault();
// This doesn't work.
var Test2 = (from r in context.MediaRatings
select context.fn_GetRatingValue(r.Height, r.Depth, 0)).ToList();

The second query throws this error.

LINQ to Entities does not recognize the method 'System.Data.Entity.Core.Objects.ObjectResult`1[System.Nullable`1[System.Single]] fn_GetRatingValue(System.Nullable`1[System.Single], System.Nullable`1[System.Single], System.Nullable`1[System.Single])' method, and this method cannot be translated into a store expression.

Also, the designer is giving me this warning

Error 6046: Unable to generate function import return type of the store function 'fn_GetRatingValue'. The store function will be ignored and the function import will not be generated.

What am I doing wrong? How can I call the database function within a LINQ query?

Also, if the query code sometimes gets executed against the database and sometimes in-memory, is there a way to call the function in a way that works in both cases? I have a C# version of the same function.


Edit: Here's the function I'm trying to use.

public float? GetValue(float? Height, float? Depth, float ratio) {
if (Height != null || Depth != null) {
float HeightCalc = Height ?? Depth.Value;
float DepthCalc = Depth ?? Height.Value;
if (ratio < 0)
DepthCalc = DepthCalc + (HeightCalc - DepthCalc) * -ratio;
else if (ratio > 0)
HeightCalc = HeightCalc + (DepthCalc - HeightCalc) * ratio;
return (float)Math.Round(HeightCalc * DepthCalc * .12, 1);
} else
return null;

It can also be written in one line like this. This line could be copy/pasted everywhere I need to use it but that would produce very ugly code, although that could work. I'd rather keep it as a function.

return (float)Math.Round(
(Height.HasValue ? Height.Value + (ratio > 0 ? ((Depth ?? Height.Value) - Height.Value) * ratio : 0) : Depth.Value) *
(Depth.HasValue ? Depth.Value + (ratio < 0 ? ((Height ?? Depth.Value) - Depth.Value) * -ratio : 0) : Height.Value)
* .12, 1);

Answer Source

I found the answer. Although I could find very little documentation about Entity Framework 6 in which EdmFunctionAttribute is obsolete, I got this code to work.

In the EDMX file, IsComposable must be True and the CommandText must be removed. I need only the function declaration without the function import.

Then, in a partial class of my data context, I created this function

[DbFunction("NaturalGroundingVideosModel.Store", "fn_GetRatingValue")]
public float? DbGetValue(float? height, float? depth, float ratio) {
    List<ObjectParameter> parameters = new List<ObjectParameter>(3);
    parameters.Add(new ObjectParameter("height", height));
    parameters.Add(new ObjectParameter("depth", depth));
    parameters.Add(new ObjectParameter("ratio", ratio));
    var lObjectContext = ((IObjectContextAdapter)this).ObjectContext;
    var output = lObjectContext.
            CreateQuery<float?>("NaturalGroundingVideosModel.Store.fn_GetRatingValue(@height, @depth, @ratio)", parameters.ToArray())
    return output;

I added the function to the MediaRating object so I can call it without needing a reference to the data context.

var Test2 = (from r in context.MediaRatings
    select r.DbGetValue(r.Height, r.Depth, 0)).ToList();

This works!