Antoine Martin Antoine Martin - 2 months ago 42
Java Question

Spring's @RequestParam with Enum

I have this enum :

public enum SortEnum {
asc, desc;
}


That I want to use as a parameter of a rest request :

@RequestMapping(value = "/events", method = RequestMethod.GET, produces = MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON_VALUE)
public List<Event> getEvents(@RequestParam(name = "sort", required = false) SortEnum sort) {


It works fine when I send these requests

/events
/events?sort=asc
/events?sort=desc


But when I send :

/events?sort=somethingElse


I get a 500 response and this message in the console :

2016-09-29 17:20:51.600 DEBUG 5104 --- [ XNIO-2 task-6] com.myApp.aop.logging.LoggingAspect : Enter: com.myApp.web.rest.errors.ExceptionTranslator.processRuntimeException() with argument[s] = [org.springframework.web.method.annotation.MethodArgumentTypeMismatchException: Failed to convert value of type [java.lang.String] to required type [com.myApp.common.SortEnum]; nested exception is org.springframework.core.convert.ConversionFailedException: Failed to convert from type [java.lang.String] to type [@org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam com.myApp.common.SortEnum] for value 'somethingElse'; nested exception is java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: No enum constant com.myApp.common.SortEnum.somethingElse]
2016-09-29 17:20:51.600 DEBUG 5104 --- [ XNIO-2 task-6] com.myApp.aop.logging.LoggingAspect : Exit: com.myApp.web.rest.errors.ExceptionTranslator.processRuntimeException() with result = <500 Internal Server Error,com.myApp.web.rest.errors.ErrorVM@1e3343c9,{}>
2016-09-29 17:20:51.601 WARN 5104 --- [ XNIO-2 task-6] .m.m.a.ExceptionHandlerExceptionResolver : Resolved exception caused by Handler execution: org.springframework.web.method.annotation.MethodArgumentTypeMismatchException: Failed to convert value of type [java.lang.String] to required type [com.myApp.common.SortEnum]; nested exception is org.springframework.core.convert.ConversionFailedException: Failed to convert from type [java.lang.String] to type [@org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestParam com.myApp.common.SortEnum] for value 'somethingElse'; nested exception is java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: No enum constant com.myApp.common.SortEnum.somethingElse


Is there a way to prevent spring from throwing these exceptions and set the enum to null ?

Answer

You can create a custom converter that will return null instead of an exception when an invalid value is supplied.

Something like this:

@Configuration
public class MyConfig extends WebMvcConfigurationSupport {
   @Override
   public FormattingConversionService mvcConversionService() {
       FormattingConversionService f = super.mvcConversionService();
       f.addConverter(new MyCustomEnumConverter());
       return f;
   }
}

And a simple converter might look like this:

public class MyCustomEnumConverter implements Converter<String, SortEnum> {

    public SortEnum convert(String source) {
       try {
          return SortEnum.valueOf(source);
       } catch(Exception e) {
          return null; // or SortEnum.asc
       }
    }
}
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