wesbos wesbos - 1 year ago 147
Javascript Question

Google Maps JS API v3 - Simple Multiple Marker Example

Fairly new to the Google Maps Api. I've got an array of data that I want to cycle through and plot on a map. Seems fairly simple, but all the multi-marker tutorials I have found are quite complex.

Lets use the data array from google's site for an example:

var locations = [
['Bondi Beach', -33.890542, 151.274856, 4],
['Coogee Beach', -33.923036, 151.259052, 5],
['Cronulla Beach', -34.028249, 151.157507, 3],
['Manly Beach', -33.80010128657071, 151.28747820854187, 2],
['Maroubra Beach', -33.950198, 151.259302, 1]
];


I simply want to plot all of these points and have an infoWindow pop up when clicked to display the name.

Any help is greatly appreciated!

Answer Source

This is the simplest I could reduce it to:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html> 
<head> 
  <meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" /> 
  <title>Google Maps Multiple Markers</title> 
  <script src="http://maps.google.com/maps/api/js?sensor=false" 
          type="text/javascript"></script>
</head> 
<body>
  <div id="map" style="width: 500px; height: 400px;"></div>

  <script type="text/javascript">
    var locations = [
      ['Bondi Beach', -33.890542, 151.274856, 4],
      ['Coogee Beach', -33.923036, 151.259052, 5],
      ['Cronulla Beach', -34.028249, 151.157507, 3],
      ['Manly Beach', -33.80010128657071, 151.28747820854187, 2],
      ['Maroubra Beach', -33.950198, 151.259302, 1]
    ];

    var map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
      zoom: 10,
      center: new google.maps.LatLng(-33.92, 151.25),
      mapTypeId: google.maps.MapTypeId.ROADMAP
    });

    var infowindow = new google.maps.InfoWindow();

    var marker, i;

    for (i = 0; i < locations.length; i++) {  
      marker = new google.maps.Marker({
        position: new google.maps.LatLng(locations[i][1], locations[i][2]),
        map: map
      });

      google.maps.event.addListener(marker, 'click', (function(marker, i) {
        return function() {
          infowindow.setContent(locations[i][0]);
          infowindow.open(map, marker);
        }
      })(marker, i));
    }
  </script>
</body>
</html>

Screenshot:

Google Maps Multiple Markers

There is some closure magic happening when passing the callback argument to the addListener method. This can be quite a tricky topic, if you are not familiar with how closures work. I would suggest checking out the following Mozilla article for a brief introduction, if it is the case: