Varren Varren - 2 months ago 5
R Question

Get a vector of vectors in r

trying to figure out how to program this in the best way..
I want to produce all possible

w
when
s
range from -2 to 2 by 0.1 but i really don't know how to do it.
w_min
and
w_max
are 5x1 vectors

s <- seq(-2, 2, by=0.1)

t = c()

for (i in 1:20){

w = s[i]*w_min+(1-s[i])*w_max
}

t

Answer

You want a matrix. In order to provide a toy example, I need to make your "w_min and w_max are 5 * 1 vectors" concrete:

## note, they are just plain vectors without dimension
## if you have a `5 * 1` matrix, use `c(w_min)` and `c(w_max)` to drop dimension
w_min <- 1:5
w_max <- 2:6

Also, to make the example small, I will consider s <- seq(-2, 2, by = 0.5) with step 0.5.

First, consider the loop-based method:

w <- matrix(0, 5, length(s))  ## set up a `5 * length(s)` matrix
for (i in 1:length(s)) {
  ## fill i-th column of the matrix
  w[, i] <- s[i] * w_min + (1 - s[i]) * w_max
  }

w
#     [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5] [,6] [,7] [,8] [,9]
#[1,]    4  3.5    3  2.5    2  1.5    1  0.5    0
#[2,]    5  4.5    4  3.5    3  2.5    2  1.5    1
#[3,]    6  5.5    5  4.5    4  3.5    3  2.5    2
#[4,]    7  6.5    6  5.5    5  4.5    4  3.5    3
#[5,]    8  7.5    7  6.5    6  5.5    5  4.5    4

Then, the vectorized method:

## read `?outer`; the default function to apply is `FUN = "*"` for multiplication
w <- outer(w_min, s) + outer(w_max, 1 - s)

w
#     [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5] [,6] [,7] [,8] [,9]
#[1,]    4  3.5    3  2.5    2  1.5    1  0.5    0
#[2,]    5  4.5    4  3.5    3  2.5    2  1.5    1
#[3,]    6  5.5    5  4.5    4  3.5    3  2.5    2
#[4,]    7  6.5    6  5.5    5  4.5    4  3.5    3
#[5,]    8  7.5    7  6.5    6  5.5    5  4.5    4