I'm having a little trouble grabbing n bits from a byte.
I have an unsigned integer. Let's say our number in hex is 0x2A, which is 42 in decimal. In binary it looks like this: 0010 1010. How would I grab the first 5 bits which are 00101 and the next 3 bits which are 010, and place them into separate integers?
If anyone could help me that would be great! I know how to extract from one byte which is to simply do
int x = (number >> (8*n)) & 0xff // n being the # byte
Integers are represented inside a machine as a sequence of bits; fortunately for us humans, programming languages provide a mechanism to show us these numbers in decimal (or hexadecimal), but that does not alter their internal representation.
You should revise the bitwise operators
~ as well as the shift operators
>>, which will help you understand how to solve problems like this.
The last 3 bits of the integer are:
x & 0x7
The five bits starting from the eight-last bit are:
x >> 3 // all but the last three bits & 0x1F // the last five bits.