ncf ncf - 3 months ago 7
Node.js Question

Pass variable into view automatically using middleware

Searching for a way to automatically pass in a value to a view using express on every request.

I'm using this middleware in my startup script, which basically gets an array of stylesheets which I output in the view.

app.use(function(req, res, next) {
req.styles = helper.getStylesForPage(req.originalUrl);
next();
});


I can then use it when rendering the page:

router.get('/', function(req, res, next) {
res.render('index', {
styles: req.styles
});
});


What I'm looking for is a way for this value to automatically be put into this object that's passed into the view, possibly in the middleware function so I don't have to manually do it in every route.

ncf ncf
Answer

I figured it out, it turns out I can use res.locals. I just switched my middleware function to:

app.use(function(req, res, next) {
    res.locals.styles = helper.getStylesForPage(req.originalUrl);
    next();
});

As a sidenote, if you aren't aware what res.locals is, this object is exposed in your view, and is essentially doing the same thing as this:

router.get('/', function(req, res, next) {
    res.render('index', {
        styles: helper.getStylesForPage(req.originalUrl)
    });
});

The only difference is that it's in a re-usable middleware function, so I don't have to put it on every route now.

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