pqsk pqsk - 2 months ago 7
SQL Question

T-SQL: Using a CASE in an UPDATE statement to update certain columns depending on a condition

I am wondering if this is possible at all. I want to update column x if a condition is true, otherwise column y would be updated

UPDATE table SET
(CASE (CONDITION) WHEN TRUE THEN columnx
ELSE columny
END)
= 25


I have searched all over, tried out some things and am unable to find a solution. I think it's not possible, but I thought I would ask here and see if anyone has done it before. Thanks in advance.

Answer

You can't use a condition to change the structure of your query, just the data involved. You could do this:

update table set
    columnx = (case when condition then 25 else columnx end),
    columny = (case when condition then columny else 25 end)

This is semantically the same, but just bear in mind that both columns will always be updated. This probably won't cause you any problems, but if you have a high transactional volume, then this could cause concurrency issues.

The only way to do specifically what you're asking is to use dynamic SQL. This is, however, something I'd encourage you to stay away from. The solution above will almost certainly be sufficient for what you're after.

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