Ryan Ryan - 3 years ago 149
C++ Question

Explicit Return Type of Lambda

When I try and compile this code (VS2010) I am getting the following error:

error C3499: a lambda that has been specified to have a void return type cannot return a value


void DataFile::removeComments()
{
string::const_iterator start, end;
boost::regex expression("^\\s?#");
boost::match_results<std::string::const_iterator> what;
boost::match_flag_type flags = boost::match_default;
// Look for lines that either start with a hash (#)
// or have nothing but white-space preceeding the hash symbol
remove_if(rawLines.begin(), rawLines.end(), [&expression, &start, &end, &what, &flags](const string& line)
{
start = line.begin();
end = line.end();
bool temp = boost::regex_search(start, end, what, expression, flags);
return temp;
});
}


How did I specify that the lambda has a 'void' return type. More-over, how do I specify that the lambda has 'bool' return type?

UPDATE

The following compiles. Can someone please tell me why that compiles and the other does not?

void DataFile::removeComments()
{
boost::regex expression("^(\\s+)?#");
boost::match_results<std::string::const_iterator> what;
boost::match_flag_type flags = boost::match_default;
// Look for lines that either start with a hash (#)
// or have nothing but white-space preceeding the hash symbol
rawLines.erase(remove_if(rawLines.begin(), rawLines.end(), [&expression, &what, &flags](const string& line)
{ return boost::regex_search(line.begin(), line.end(), what, expression, flags); }));
}

Answer Source

You can explicitly specify the return type of a lambda by using -> Type after the arguments list:

[]() -> Type { }

However, if a lambda has one statement and that statement is a return statement (and it returns an expression), the compiler can deduce the return type from the type of that one returned expression. You have multiple statements in your lambda, so it doesn't deduce the type.

Recommended from our users: Dynamic Network Monitoring from WhatsUp Gold from IPSwitch. Free Download