Russell Richie Russell Richie - 4 months ago 50
Python Question

import matplotlib.pyplot gives ImportError: dlopen(…) Library not loaded libpng15.15.dylib

I am aware that this exact same question has been asked before. I did follow the instructions given in the answer there, and it didn't solve my problem (and I don't have enough reputation to just comment on the Q or A in that thread). Anyway, here's what's going on:

I try to do:

import matplotlib.pyplot


And in return I get:

Traceback (most recent call last):
File "/Users/russellrichie/anaconda/lib/python2.7/site-packages/IPython/core/interactiveshell.py", line 3032, in run_code
exec(code_obj, self.user_global_ns, self.user_ns)
File "<ipython-input-3-eff513f636fd>", line 1, in <module>
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
File "/Users/russellrichie/anaconda/lib/python2.7/site-packages/matplotlib/pyplot.py", line 27, in <module>
import matplotlib.colorbar
File "/Users/russellrichie/anaconda/lib/python2.7/site-packages/matplotlib/colorbar.py", line 34, in <module>
import matplotlib.collections as collections
File "/Users/russellrichie/anaconda/lib/python2.7/site-packages/matplotlib/collections.py", line 27, in <module>
import matplotlib.backend_bases as backend_bases
File "/Users/russellrichie/anaconda/lib/python2.7/site-packages/matplotlib/backend_bases.py", line 56, in <module>
import matplotlib.textpath as textpath
File "/Users/russellrichie/anaconda/lib/python2.7/site-packages/matplotlib/textpath.py", line 22, in <module>
from matplotlib.mathtext import MathTextParser
File "/Users/russellrichie/anaconda/lib/python2.7/site-packages/matplotlib/mathtext.py", line 63, in <module>
import matplotlib._png as _png
ImportError: dlopen(/Users/russellrichie/anaconda/lib/python2.7/site-packages/matplotlib/_png.so, 2): Library not loaded: libpng15.15.dylib
Referenced from: /Users/russellrichie/anaconda/lib/python2.7/site-packages/matplotlib/_png.so
Reason: image not found


My Python version:

2.7.7 |Anaconda 2.0.1 (x86_64)| (default, Jun 2 2014, 12:48:16) [GCC 4.0.1 (Apple Inc. build 5493)]


EDIT:

cel's suggestion worked! I just tried "conda remove matplotlib", "pip install matplotlib", and then "conda install matplotlib", and presto! Man, you have no idea how long this problem has vexed me. Bless you all.

cel cel
Answer

Some python packages link dynamically against native c libraries. After an update of one of those libraries, links can break and give you weird error messages about missing dynamic libraries, as seen in the error message in the question.

Basically, after an update of a native library sometimes you also have to rebuild python packages (here matplotlib).

The above statement is true in general. If you are using conda as your python distribution things are usually less complicated:

For extension packages conda also maintains required c libraries. As long as you use only conda install and conda update for installing those packages you should not run into these issues.

For numpy, scipy, matplotlib and many more I would suggest to try conda search <library name> first to see if there's a conda recipe that matches your needs. For most users conda install <library name> will be a better option than pip install.

To make sure that only conda's version is installed you can do

conda remove matplotlib
pip uninstall matplotlib
conda install matplotlib

Afterwards this issue should not appear anymore.