user3142695 user3142695 - 3 years ago 341
Node.js Question

Docker/alpine: How to install nodeJS 4.8.4 at alpine image

I am using

alpine
(min. 3.5) and I need to use nodeJS 4.8.4

Dockerfile

FROM alpine:3.5
RUN apk add --update nodejs=4.8.4 ffmpeg graphicsmagick


But this gives me the error

ERROR: unsatisfiable constraints:
nodejs-6.9.5-r1:
breaks: world[nodejs=4.8.4]
The command '/bin/sh -c apk add --update nodejs=4.8.4 ffmpeg graphicsmagick' returned a non-zero code: 1


How do I install nodeJS in version 4.8.4 using alpine?

Answer Source

You have two alternatives:

  1. Using the alpine 3.5 image, build nodejs from source
  2. Use the node:4.8.4-alpine then update it to alpine 3.6

Here is how the first Dockerfile would look(copied straight from the official image):

FROM alpine:3.5

ENV NPM_CONFIG_LOGLEVEL info
ENV NODE_VERSION 4.8.4

RUN addgroup -g 1000 node \
    && adduser -u 1000 -G node -s /bin/sh -D node \
    && apk add --no-cache \
        libstdc++ \
    && apk add --no-cache --virtual .build-deps \
        binutils-gold \
        curl \
        g++ \
        gcc \
        gnupg \
        libgcc \
        linux-headers \
        make \
        python \
  # gpg keys listed at https://github.com/nodejs/node#release-team
  && for key in \
    9554F04D7259F04124DE6B476D5A82AC7E37093B \
    94AE36675C464D64BAFA68DD7434390BDBE9B9C5 \
    FD3A5288F042B6850C66B31F09FE44734EB7990E \
    71DCFD284A79C3B38668286BC97EC7A07EDE3FC1 \
    DD8F2338BAE7501E3DD5AC78C273792F7D83545D \
    B9AE9905FFD7803F25714661B63B535A4C206CA9 \
    C4F0DFFF4E8C1A8236409D08E73BC641CC11F4C8 \
    56730D5401028683275BD23C23EFEFE93C4CFFFE \
  ; do \
    gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys "$key" || \
    gpg --keyserver keyserver.pgp.com --recv-keys "$key" || \
    gpg --keyserver ha.pool.sks-keyservers.net --recv-keys "$key" ; \
  done \
    && curl -SLO "https://nodejs.org/dist/v$NODE_VERSION/node-v$NODE_VERSION.tar.xz" \
    && curl -SLO --compressed "https://nodejs.org/dist/v$NODE_VERSION/SHASUMS256.txt.asc" \
    && gpg --batch --decrypt --output SHASUMS256.txt SHASUMS256.txt.asc \
    && grep " node-v$NODE_VERSION.tar.xz\$" SHASUMS256.txt | sha256sum -c - \
    && tar -xf "node-v$NODE_VERSION.tar.xz" \
    && cd "node-v$NODE_VERSION" \
    && ./configure \
    && make -j$(getconf _NPROCESSORS_ONLN) \
    && make install \
    && apk del .build-deps \
    && cd .. \
    && rm -Rf "node-v$NODE_VERSION" \
    && rm "node-v$NODE_VERSION.tar.xz" SHASUMS256.txt.asc SHASUMS256.txt

ENV YARN_VERSION 0.24.4

RUN apk add --no-cache --virtual .build-deps-yarn curl gnupg tar \
  && for key in \
    6A010C5166006599AA17F08146C2130DFD2497F5 \
  ; do \
    gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys "$key" || \
    gpg --keyserver keyserver.pgp.com --recv-keys "$key" || \
    gpg --keyserver ha.pool.sks-keyservers.net --recv-keys "$key" ; \
  done \
  && curl -fSLO --compressed "https://yarnpkg.com/downloads/$YARN_VERSION/yarn-v$YARN_VERSION.tar.gz" \
  && curl -fSLO --compressed "https://yarnpkg.com/downloads/$YARN_VERSION/yarn-v$YARN_VERSION.tar.gz.asc" \
  && gpg --batch --verify yarn-v$YARN_VERSION.tar.gz.asc yarn-v$YARN_VERSION.tar.gz \
  && mkdir -p /opt/yarn \
  && tar -xzf yarn-v$YARN_VERSION.tar.gz -C /opt/yarn --strip-components=1 \
  && ln -s /opt/yarn/bin/yarn /usr/local/bin/yarn \
  && ln -s /opt/yarn/bin/yarn /usr/local/bin/yarnpkg \
  && rm yarn-v$YARN_VERSION.tar.gz.asc yarn-v$YARN_VERSION.tar.gz \
  && apk del .build-deps-yarn

CMD [ "node" ]

Or for the second alternative

  FROM node:4.8.4-alpine
  RUN  sed -i -e 's/v4\.4/v3.5/g' /etc/apk/repositories \
       && apk update \
       && apk add --upgrade apk-tools \
       && apk upgrade --available \
       && rm -rf /var/cache/apk/* 

The benefit of compiling your own binary is that the overall image will have less of a hierarchy (it will depend on alpine 3.5 only) while the second image will depend on node:argon-alpine which depends on alpine 3.4 but is technically an alpine 3.5 but the second image will indeed be faster to build since the compilation will already have been done

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