chaitanya chaitanya - 3 months ago 59
C# Question

Using an external .config file in configSource produces error

I was playing around with how to use the Configuration Manager to read/write custom sections in the App.config file for a WPF application in C#. I read this excellent article on .NET 2.0 Configuration Demystified and it helped me a lot in using the config files. Here is the initial App.config file which I wrote and it works fine.

App.config

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<configuration>
<configSections>
<section name="example" type="CustomConfig.ExampleSection, CustomConfig" />
</configSections>
<example version="A sample string value." />
<appSettings>
<add key="version_string" value="1.01" />
</appSettings>
</configuration>


But when I changed the App.config file in such a way that my custom section will be read from an external config file mentioned in configSource, Visual Studio gives me an error


The format of a configSource file must be an element containing the name
of the section.


Here are the App.config and example.config files

Changed App.config

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<configuration>
<configSections>
<section name="example" type="CustomConfig.ExampleSection, CustomConfig" />
</configSections>
<example configSource="example.config" />
<appSettings>
<add key="version_string" value="1.01" />
</appSettings>
</configuration>


example.config

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<example>
<add key="version" value="blahblah" />
</example>

Answer

Have you actually tried running the code??

Visual Studio's editor/intellisense has a shortcoming in that it complains about the configSource= attribute - but it IS absolutely legal, and it does work ! I use it every day, in various production systems.

My recommendation: try it! Run the code - I'm pretty sure it will work (your configs look OK to me).

Update: OK - well it seems you're totally changing the style of the <example> tag. In your original app.config you have:

<example version="A sample string value." />

So of course, your externalized example.config must contain the same values and the same structure:

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<example version="A sample string value." />

Can you try with this example.config ??

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