Valence Valence - 3 months ago 25
TypeScript Question

TypeScript: read arguments from command line - error TS2304: Cannot find name 'process'

Using TypeScript version 1.7.5.

I am writing a nodeJS program in which I want to read in command line arguments passed by the user (2 integers). Everything works fine in raw JavaScript, but an issue arises with TypeScript.

When

process.argv
is used in the TypeScript file, when it is compiled to JavaScript the compiler errors because it does not recognize the "process" variable.

error TS2304: Cannot find name 'process'


I have tried declaring a new var "process" at the top of the file, but that overrides the native variable and it no longer contains the arguments...

I would like to keep all my code all in TypeScript, only compiling to JavaScript at build time. What is the best workaround for this issue?

Answer

You have to make sure the appropriate type definitions are available. Use the typings package manager for this. Install the definitions for node as follows:

typings install --save --ambient node

Now, there are a few ways you can make sure the definitions are available to the compiler. The preferred method is to set up your tsconfig file like so:

{
  "exclude": [
    "typings/browser.d.ts",
    "typings/browser",
    "node_modules"
  ]
}

Or, alternatively:

{
  "files": [
    "typings/main.d.ts"
  ]
}

If you are not using a tsconfig file, you can use a reference at the top of your main entry file, like so:

/// <reference path="path/to/typings/main.d.ts" />
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