ojedawinder ojedawinder - 10 months ago 67
AngularJS Question

How to get the meridian (am / pm) with momentsjs and angularjs

I would like could help me, I have a question to the library moments.js, I have an application in angularjs where I have six select, for the year, for the month, for day, for the hour, for minutes and one for the am / pm format, use the following format moment to build m.format date ('YYYY-MM-DD hh: mm: ss a),
  the code is as follows:

var m = moment([scope.val.year, scope.val.month, scope.val.date, scope.val.hour, scope.val.minute]); //build date

model.$setViewValue(m.format('YYYY-MM-DD hh:mm:ss a'))

I get the data
m.hour ()
m.minute ()
, etc but there is a way to get the am / pm format, I have not found anything about it, something perhaps as
m.meridian () => "am "or" pm "

I would build the array passing as parameter if am or pm, and then also would get from any date if am or pm date.

Thanks for any help given.

Answer Source

A few things:

  • The word you're looking for is "meridiem", not "meridian". It's a Latin word meaning "mid-day". A.M. is "ante meridiem" (before mid-day) and P.M. is "post meridiem" (after mid-day).

  • The .hours() function and the input array passed to the moment constructor both expect hours of a 24-hour clock, from 0 to 23. There is no built-in function to accept or output a 12-hour clock value, or a meridiem (am/pm).

  • The parsing and formatting functions in moment do have options for 12-hour clock hours (h or hh) and meridiem (A or a), but you're not parsing or formatting in your use case, so they would be a bit clumsy to use. In particular, they are based on moment's current locale settings, so testing a string would be problematic if the locale wasn't fixed to a specific language.

  • You can use these simple functions to convert from 12-hour + meridiem to 24-hour and vice-versa. They are not specific to moment, so you can also use them with the Date object or elsewhere.

    function hours12to24(h, pm) {
        return h == 12 ? pm ? 12 : 0 : pm ? h + 12 : h;
    function hours24to12(h) {
        return {
            hour : (h + 11) % 12 + 1,
            pm : h >= 12

    To test these functions:

    function test() {
      for (var i = 0; i <= 23; i++) {
        var x = hours24to12(i);
        var h = hours12to24(x.hour, x.pm);
        console.log(i + " == " + x.hour + (x.pm ? " pm" : " am") + " == " + h);
  • Also, be careful when calling .month() to get the month number, the results are 0-11, not 1-12. The same is true when building the input array. Your dropdown either needs to use 0-11, or you need to add or subtract 1 accordingly.