flyer flyer - 2 months ago 20
Java Question

Singleton is not really a singleton

I have situation where I share singleton between my code which runs the embedded-server and my web-application. I have war with classes and deployment tool. When I printf instances I see:

abc.Abc@173a10f
abc.Abc@105738


So this is not really singleton. How this works?




My server Jetty start code:

public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception
{
System.out.println(MySingleton.getInstance());
// start Jetty here and deploy war with WebAppContext()
}


My
ServletContextListener
side code:

public class AppServletContextListener implements ServletContextListener{
@Override
public void contextInitialized(ServletContextEvent arg0) {
System.out.println(MySingleton.getInstance());
}
}


My singleton:

public class MySingleton {
private static MySingleton INSTANCE = new MySingleton();
private MySingleton () {}
public static MySingleton getInstance() {
return INSTANCE;
}
}





I forced exception inside constructor. It looks like I get two different.

java.lang.Exception
at api.MySingleton.<init>(MySingleton.java:33)
at api.MySingleton.<clinit>(MySingleton.java:22)
at my.project.StartJetty.main(StartJetty.java:41)
java.lang.Exception
at api.MySingleton.<init>(MySingleton.java:33)
at api.MySingleton.<clinit>(MySingleton.java:22)
at api.AppServletContextListener.contextInitialized(AppServletContextListener.java:25)
at org.eclipse.jetty.server.handler.ContextHandler.startContext(ContextHandler.java:640)
at org.eclipse.jetty.servlet.ServletContextHandler.startContext(ServletContextHandler.java:229)
at org.eclipse.jetty.webapp.WebAppContext.startContext(WebAppContext.java:1208)
at org.eclipse.jetty.server.handler.ContextHandler.doStart(ContextHandler.java:586)
at org.eclipse.jetty.webapp.WebAppContext.doStart(WebAppContext.java:449)
at org.eclipse.jetty.util.component.AbstractLifeCycle.start(AbstractLifeCycle.java:58)
at org.eclipse.jetty.server.handler.HandlerCollection.doStart(HandlerCollection.java:224)
at org.eclipse.jetty.util.component.AbstractLifeCycle.start(AbstractLifeCycle.java:58)
at org.eclipse.jetty.server.handler.HandlerWrapper.doStart(HandlerWrapper.java:89)
at org.eclipse.jetty.server.Server.doStart(Server.java:258)
at org.eclipse.jetty.util.component.AbstractLifeCycle.start(AbstractLifeCycle.java:58)
at my.project.StartJetty.main(StartJetty.java:66)

Answer

Have a look at some Jetty documentation. You can play around with class loading configurations.

If set to true, then Jetty uses normal JavaSE classloading priority, and gives priority to the parent/system classloader. This avoids the issues of multiple versions of a class within a webapp, but the version the parent/system loader provides must be the right version for all webapps you configure in this way.

This is exactly the situation you are describing. One MySingleton instance is being loaded by the main Java program and another is being loaded by Jetty's class loader.