Jule - 1 month ago 9

R Question

`n <- length(rle(sign(z)))`

z contains 1 and -1. n should indicate the number of how many times the sign of z changes.

The code above does not lead to the desired outcome. If I expand the command to

`length(rle(sign(z))[[1]])`

it works. I don't understand the underlying mechanism of how [[1]] solves the problem?

Answer

`rle`

returns a list consisting of two components: `lengths`

, and `values`

. As such, its own `length`

is always 2. By contrast, you want to know the length of either of those components (they obviously have the same length). So either `length(rle(…)[[1]])`

or `length(rle(…)[[2]])`

would work. Better to use the names instead of an index though, e.g.

```
length(rle(z)$lengths)
```

However, this won’t be the number of times the sign changes; rather, it will be the number of times the changes plus 1.