odd_duck odd_duck -4 years ago 92
PHP Question

PHP - Move a file into a different folder on the server

I need to allow users on my website to delete their images off the server after they have uploaded them if they no longer want them. I was previously using the

unlink
function in PHP but have since been told that this can be quite risky and a security issue. (Previous code below:)

if(unlink($path.'image1.jpg')){
// deleted
}


Instead i now want to simply move the file into a different folder. This must be able to be done a long time after they have first uploaded the file so any time they log into their account. If i have the main folder which stores the users image(s):

user/


and then within that a folder called del which is the destination to put their unwanted images:

user/del/


Is there a command to move a file into a different folder? So that say:

user/image1.jpg


moves to/becomes

user/del/image1.jpg

Answer Source

The rename function does this

docs rename

rename('image1.jpg', 'del/image1.jpg');

If you want to keep the existing file on the same place you should use copy

docs copy

copy('image1.jpg', 'del/image1.jpg');

If you want to move an uploaded file use the move_uploaded_file, although this is almost the same as rename this function also checks that the given file is a file that was uploaded via the POST, this prevents for example that a local file is moved

docs move_uploaded_file

$uploads_dir = '/uploads';
foreach ($_FILES["pictures"]["error"] as $key => $error) {
    if ($error == UPLOAD_ERR_OK) {
        $tmp_name = $_FILES["pictures"]["tmp_name"][$key];
        $name = $_FILES["pictures"]["name"][$key];
        move_uploaded_file($tmp_name, "$uploads_dir/$name");
    }
}

code snipet from docs

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