amcashcow amcashcow - 6 months ago 48
Javascript Question

Django Template - Convert a Python list into a JavaScript object

I am working on a Django / Python website. I have a page where I want to display a table of search results. The list of results is passed in to the template as normal.

I also want to make this list of objects accessible to the JavaScript code.

My first solution was just create another view that returned JSON format. But each page load required calling the query twice. So then I tried only downloading the data using the JSON view and printing the table using JavaScript.

But this is also not desirable as now the presentation layer is mixed into the JavaScript code.

Is there a way to create a JavaScript object from the Python list as the page is rendered?

Answer Source

Solution

I created a custom template filter, see custom template tags and filters.

from django.core.serializers import serialize
from django.db.models.query import QuerySet
from django.utils import simplejson
from django.utils.safestring import mark_safe
from django.template import Library

register = Library()

def jsonify(object):
    if isinstance(object, QuerySet):
        return mark_safe(serialize('json', object))
    return mark_safe(simplejson.dumps(object))

register.filter('jsonify', jsonify)
jsonify.is_safe = True   

The calls to mark_safe are important. Otherwise Django will escape it.

In the template:

//Without template filter (you'll need to serialise in the view)
var data = jQuery.parseJSON('{{ json_data|safe }}');
alert(data.length);

//Using the template filter    
var data2 = jQuery.parseJSON('{{ record_list|jsonify }}');
alert(data2.length);

Note the single quotes around the template tag.

Although my next question would be - is it REALLY safe?

Update

An updated version working in django 1.8 of the above template tag that also handles being passed a flat values list, ie. values_list('myfield', flat=True):

from django.core.serializers import serialize
from django.db.models.query import QuerySet, ValuesListQuerySet
from django.template import Library

import json

register = Library()

@register.filter( is_safe=True )
def jsonify(object):

    if isinstance(object, ValuesListQuerySet):
        return json.dumps(list(object))
    if isinstance(object, QuerySet):
        return serialize('json', object)
    return json.dumps(object)