quandrum quandrum - 1 month ago 9
C++ Question

Printing lists with commas C++

I know how to do this in other languages, but not C++, which I am forced to use here.

I have a Set of Strings that I'm printing to out in a list, and they need a comma between each one, but not a trailing comma. In java for instance, I would use a stringbuilder and just delete the comma off the end after I've built my string. How do I do it in C++?

auto iter = keywords.begin();
for (iter; iter != keywords.end( ); iter++ )
{

out << *iter << ", ";
}
out << endl;


I initially tried inserting this block to do it (moving the comma printing here)

if (iter++ != keywords.end())
out << ", ";
iter--;


I hate when the small things trip me up.

EDIT: Thanks everyone. This is why I post stuff like this here. So many good answers, and tackled in different ways. After a semester of Java and assembly (different classes), having to do a C++ project in 4 days threw me for a loop. Not only did I get my answer, I got a chance to think about the different ways to approach a problem like this. Awesome.

Answer

Use an infix_iterator:

// infix_iterator.h 
// 
// Lifted from Jerry Coffin's 's prefix_ostream_iterator 
#if !defined(INFIX_ITERATOR_H_) 
#define  INFIX_ITERATOR_H_ 
#include <ostream> 
#include <iterator> 
template <class T, 
          class charT=char, 
          class traits=std::char_traits<charT> > 
class infix_ostream_iterator : 
    public std::iterator<std::output_iterator_tag,void,void,void,void> 
{ 
    std::basic_ostream<charT,traits> *os; 
    charT const* delimiter; 
    bool first_elem; 
public: 
    typedef charT char_type; 
    typedef traits traits_type; 
    typedef std::basic_ostream<charT,traits> ostream_type; 
    infix_ostream_iterator(ostream_type& s) 
        : os(&s),delimiter(0), first_elem(true) 
    {} 
    infix_ostream_iterator(ostream_type& s, charT const *d) 
        : os(&s),delimiter(d), first_elem(true) 
    {} 
    infix_ostream_iterator<T,charT,traits>& operator=(T const &item) 
    { 
        // Here's the only real change from ostream_iterator: 
        // Normally, the '*os << item;' would come before the 'if'. 
        if (!first_elem && delimiter != 0) 
            *os << delimiter; 
        *os << item; 
        first_elem = false; 
        return *this; 
    } 
    infix_ostream_iterator<T,charT,traits> &operator*() { 
        return *this; 
    } 
    infix_ostream_iterator<T,charT,traits> &operator++() { 
        return *this; 
    } 
    infix_ostream_iterator<T,charT,traits> &operator++(int) { 
        return *this; 
    } 
};     
#endif 

Usage would be something like:

#include "infix_iterator.h"

// ...
std::copy(keywords.begin(), keywords.end(), infix_iterator(out, ","));