Lukman Lukman - 2 months ago 10
SQL Question

Oracle: Updating a table column using ROWNUM in conjunction with ORDER BY clause

I want to populate a table column with a running integer number, so I'm thinking of using ROWNUM. However, I need to populate it based on the order of other columns, something like

ORDER BY column1, column2
. That is, unfortunately, not possible since Oracle does not accept the following statement:

UPDATE table_a SET sequence_column = rownum ORDER BY column1, column2;


Nor the following statement (an attempt to use WITH clause):

WITH tmp AS (SELECT * FROM table_a ORDER BY column1, column2)
UPDATE tmp SET sequence_column = rownum;


So how do I do it using an SQL statement and without resorting to cursor iteration method in PL/SQL?

Answer

This should work (works for me)

update table_a outer 
set sequence_column = (
    select rnum from (

           -- evaluate row_number() for all rows ordered by your columns
           -- BEFORE updating those values into table_a
           select id, row_number() over (order by column1, column2) rnum  
           from table_a) inner 

    -- join on the primary key to be sure you'll only get one value
    -- for rnum
    where inner.id = outer.id);

OR you use the MERGE statement. Something like this.

merge into table_a u
using (
  select id, row_number() over (order by column1, column2) rnum 
  from table_a
) s
on (u.id = s.id)
when matched then update set u.sequence_column = s.rnum