Sellone Ciompi Sellone Ciompi - 1 month ago 23
iOS Question

Perform background tasks when app is terminated

I'm creating an application for my school which should check every n minutes if there is a new mark on the website.
To do this when the user login for the first time, the number of the actual mark is saved in the "UserDefaults". When app is terminated, after n minutes, the number of mark is recounted and compared with the previous one and send a notification in case the number is changed.

What I'd like to know if there is a way to perform this task. I've tried to create a timer in -applicationWillTerminate- but it's fired only once.
This is what I tried:

func applicationWillTerminate(_ application: UIApplication) {
DispatchQueue.main.async {
self.timer = Timer.scheduledTimer(timeInterval: 1, target: self, selector: #selector(AppDelegate.findMark), userInfo: nil, repeats: true)
self.timer.fire()
}
}


Selector findMark is the task.

Thanks in advance!

Answer

You have two options

  1. Background App Refresh
  2. Silent push notifications

Easiest one is Background App Refresh. Because later one needs a server to send the notification. You can check following API for the usage. Basically you set Background Fetch capability on Capabilities/Background Modes of your app. Then from time to time, iOS will wake up your app and call application(_:performFetchWithCompletionHandler:) delegate. You will have around 30-45 seconds to call your function and call completion handler. If you don't finish it on time, iOS will kill your app. If you don't obey the rules, iOS will give you less chances to wake up. For more detailed usage of Background Modes, you may check following tutorial