Damon Kaswell Damon Kaswell - 11 months ago 243
Java Question

How to force Angular2 to POST using x-www-form-urlencoded

I have a project that needs to use Angular2 (final) to post to an old, legacy Tomcat 7 server providing a somewhat REST-ish API using .jsp pages.

This worked fine when the project was just a simple JQuery app performing AJAX requests. However, the scope of the project has grown such that it will need to be rewritten using a more modern framework. Angular2 looks fantastic for the job, with one exception: It refuses to perform POST requests using anything option but as form-data, which the API doesn't extract. The API expects everything to be urlencoded, relying on Java's

syntax to extract individual fields.

This is a snipped from my user.service.ts:

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { Headers, Response, Http, RequestOptions } from '@angular/http';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs/Observable';
import 'rxjs/add/operator/map';

export class UserService {
private loggedIn = false;
private loginUrl = 'http://localhost:8080/mpadmin/api/login.jsp';
private headers = new Headers({'Content-Type': 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded'});

constructor(private http: Http) {}

login(username, password) {
return this.http.post(this.loginUrl, {'username': username, 'password': password}, this.headers)
.map((response: Response) => {
let user = response.json();
if (user) {
localStorage.setItem('currentUser', JSON.stringify(user));

No matter what I set the header content type to be, it always ends up arriving as non-encoded form-data. It's not honoring the header I'm setting.

Has anyone else encountered this? How do you go about forcing Angular2 to POST data in a format that can be read by an old Java API using

Edit: For anyone else who finds this in the future, the solution is actually really simple. Set the body of the post like this:

let body = `username=${username}&password=${password}`;`

See Brad's example below.

Answer Source

You can do this using URLSearchParams as the body of the request and angular will automatically set the content type to application/x-www-form-urlencoded and encode the body properly.

let body = new URLSearchParams();
body.set('username', username);
body.set('password', password);

this.http.post(this.loginUrl, body).map(...);

Note that URLSearchParams is currently marked as experimental.

The reason it's not currently working for you is you're not encoding the body data in the correct format and you're not setting the header options correctly.

You need to encode the body like this:

let body = `username=${username}&password=${password}`;

You need to set the header options like this:

this.http.post(this.loginUrl, body, { headers: headers }).map(...);