exsnake exsnake - 3 months ago 6
C Question

Why does pow(n,2) return 24 when n=5, with my compiler and OS?

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <math.h>

int main()
{
int n,i,ele;
n=5;
ele=pow(n,2);
printf("%d",ele);
return 0;
}


The output is
24
.

I'm using GNU/GCC in Code::Blocks.

What is happening?

I know the
pow
function returns a
double
,but
25
fits an int type so why does this code print a
24
instead of a
25
? If
n=4; n=6; n=3; n=2;
the code works, but with the five it doesn't.

Answer

Here is what may be happening here. You should be able to confirm this by looking at your compiler's implementation of the pow function:

Assuming you have the correct #include's, (all the previous answers and comments about this are correct -- don't take the #include files for granted), the prototype for the standard pow function is this:

double pow(double, double);

and you're calling pow like this:

pow(5,2);

The pow function goes through an algorithm (probably using logarithms), thus uses floating point functions and values to compute the power value.

The pow function does not go through a naive "multiply the value of x a total of n times", since it has to also compute pow using fractional exponents, and you can't compute fractional powers that way.

So more than likely, the computation of pow using the parameters 5 and 2 resulted in a slight rounding error. When you assigned to an int, you truncated the fractional value, thus yielding 24.

If you are using integers, you might as well write your own "intpow" or similar function that simply multiplies the value the requisite number of times. The benefits of this are:

  1. You won't get into the situation where you may get subtle rounding errors using pow.

  2. Your intpow function will more than likely run faster than an equivalent call to pow.

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