Navaneethan Navaneethan - 6 months ago 56
SQL Question

ORA-00904: invalid identifier

I tried to write the following inner join query using an Oracle database:

SELECT Employee.EMPLID as EmpID, Employee.FIRST_NAME AS Name,
Team.DEPARTMENT_CODE AS TeamID, Team.Department_Name AS teamname
FROM PS_TBL_EMPLOYEE_DETAILS Employee
INNER JOIN PS_TBL_DEPARTMENT_DETAILS Team
ON Team.DEPARTMENT_CODE = Employee.DEPTID


That gives the below error:

INNER JOIN PS_TBL_DEPARTMENT_DETAILS Team ON Team.DEPARTMENT_CODE = Employee.DEPTID
*
ERROR at line 4:
ORA-00904: "TEAM"."DEPARTMENT_CODE": invalid identifier


The DDL of one table is:

CREATE TABLE "HRMS"."PS_TBL_DEPARTMENT_DETAILS"
(
"Company Code" VARCHAR2(255),
"Company Name" VARCHAR2(255),
"Sector_Code" VARCHAR2(255),
"Sector_Name" VARCHAR2(255),
"Business_Unit_Code" VARCHAR2(255),
"Business_Unit_Name" VARCHAR2(255),
"Department_Code" VARCHAR2(255),
"Department_Name" VARCHAR2(255),
"HR_ORG_ID" VARCHAR2(255),
"HR_ORG_Name" VARCHAR2(255),
"Cost_Center_Number" VARCHAR2(255),
" " VARCHAR2(255)
)
SEGMENT CREATION IMMEDIATE PCTFREE 10 PCTUSED 40 INITRANS 1 MAXTRANS 255 NOCOMPRESS

APC APC
Answer

Your problem is those pernicious double quotes.

SQL> CREATE TABLE "APC"."PS_TBL_DEPARTMENT_DETAILS"
  2  (
  3    "Company Code" VARCHAR2(255),
  4    "Company Name" VARCHAR2(255),
  5    "Sector_Code" VARCHAR2(255),
  6    "Sector_Name" VARCHAR2(255),
  7    "Business_Unit_Code" VARCHAR2(255),
  8    "Business_Unit_Name" VARCHAR2(255),
  9    "Department_Code" VARCHAR2(255),
 10    "Department_Name" VARCHAR2(255),
 11    "HR_ORG_ID" VARCHAR2(255),
 12    "HR_ORG_Name" VARCHAR2(255),
 13    "Cost_Center_Number" VARCHAR2(255),
 14    " " VARCHAR2(255)
 15  )
 16  /

Table created.

SQL>

Oracle SQL allows us to ignore the case of database object names provided we either create them with names all in upper case, or without using double quotes. If we use mixed case or lower case in the script and wrapped the identifiers in double quotes we are condemned to using double quotes and the precise case whenever we refer to the object or its attributes:

SQL> select count(*) from PS_TBL_DEPARTMENT_DETAILS
  2  where Department_Code = 'BAH'
  3  /
where Department_Code = 'BAH'
      *
ERROR at line 2:
ORA-00904: "DEPARTMENT_CODE": invalid identifier


SQL> select count(*) from PS_TBL_DEPARTMENT_DETAILS
  2  where "Department_Code" = 'BAH'
  3  /

  COUNT(*)
----------
         0

SQL>

tl;dr

don't use double quotes in DDL scripts

(I know most third party code generators do, but they are disciplined enough to put all their object names in UPPER CASE.)