osgx osgx - 4 months ago 30
C++ Question

C++, is it possible to call a constructor directly, without new?

Can I call constructor explicitly, without using

new
, if I already have a memory for object?

class Object1{
char *str;
public:
Object1(char*str1){
str=strdup(str1);
puts("ctor");
puts(str);
}
~Object1(){
puts("dtor");
puts(str);
free(str);
}
};

Object1 ooo[2] = {
Object1("I'm the first object"), Object1("I'm the 2nd")
};

do_smth_useful(ooo);
ooo[0].~Object1(); // call destructor
ooo[0].Object1("I'm the 3rd object in place of first"); // ???? - reuse memory

Answer

Sort of. You can use placement new to run the constructor using already-allocated memory:

 #include <new>

 Object1 ooo[2] = {Object1("I'm the first object"), Object1("I'm the 2nd")};
 do_smth_useful(ooo);
 ooo[0].~Object1(); // call destructor

 new (&ooo[0]) Object1("I'm the 3rd object in place of first");

So, you're still using the new keyword, but no memory allocation takes place.