RedactedProfile RedactedProfile - 6 months ago 14
PHP Question

Guzzle Curl Error 60 SSL unable to get local issuer

Trying to use the YouTube API v3 to get some video(s) information, using Guzzle in Symfony2 using Service Descriptors.

When I run the script, I get this:


[curl] 60: SSL certificate problem: unable to get local issuer
certificate [url]
https://www.googleapis.com/youtube/v3/videos?id=2xbVbCoHBgA&part=snippet&key={MY_KEY}

500 Internal Server Error - CurlException


My descriptor looks like this:

{
"name": "YouTube",
"baseUrl": "https://www.googleapis.com",
"apiVersion": "v3",
"description": "YouTube GData Graph API",
"operations": {
"GetVideos": {
"httpMethod": "GET",
"uri": "/youtube/v3/videos",
"parameters": {
"id": {
"type":"string",
"location":"query",
"required": true
},
"part": {
"location": "query",
"default": "snippet"
},
"key": {
"location": "query",
"default": "{MY KEY}",
"static": true
},
"maxResults": {
"location": "query",
"default": 50
}
}
}
}
}


This is running on a local Ubuntu 14.04 development environment with a very basic LAMP stack going on.

Any ideas as to what might be causing this?

jww jww
Answer

[curl] 60: SSL certificate problem: unable to get local issuer certificate

Well, from the outside looking in, it looks like the server certificate is bad. It does not include the name "googleapis.com".

First, fetch the certificate with openssl s_client:

openssl s_client -connect googleapis.com:443

Then save the certificate to a file. The certificate starts with -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- and ends with -----END CERTIFICATE-----.

Next, print the certificate with openssl x509 (shown below). Its missing googleapis.com.

You probably need to accept the name mismatch, and pin the server's public key. Google rotates their certificates every 30 days or so to keep CRLs small for mobile clients. That means you can't pin the certificate. However, Google re-certifies the same public key, so key continuity schemes like public key pinning work.

There's a smaller, second issue when using openssl s_client. s_client needs the option CAfile using Google Internet Authority G2. The missing CA is causing the error unable to get local issuer certificate below. You can download Google's CA file at pki.google.com.

$ openssl s_client -connect googleapis.com:443
CONNECTED(00000003)
depth=2 C = US, O = GeoTrust Inc., CN = GeoTrust Global CA
verify error:num=20:unable to get local issuer certificate
verify return:0
---
Certificate chain
 0 s:/C=US/ST=California/L=Mountain View/O=Google Inc/CN=google.com
   i:/C=US/O=Google Inc/CN=Google Internet Authority G2
 1 s:/C=US/O=Google Inc/CN=Google Internet Authority G2
   i:/C=US/O=GeoTrust Inc./CN=GeoTrust Global CA
 2 s:/C=US/O=GeoTrust Inc./CN=GeoTrust Global CA
   i:/C=US/O=Equifax/OU=Equifax Secure Certificate Authority

You could also use Equifax Secure Certificate Authority as the root of trust because it appears Equifax cross-certified Google's CA.

But the name mismatch is a deal breaker. That's the one thing an X509 certificate is supposed to do: bind a entity, like a server name or user, to a public key through a trusted authority. It does not matter who signed the broken certificate (I could have signed it).


$ openssl x509 -in googleapis-com.txt -inform PEM -text -noout 
Certificate:
    Data:
        Version: 3 (0x2)
        Serial Number: 9106978240760957072 (0x7e627c7589c4c890)
    Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption
        Issuer: C=US, O=Google Inc, CN=Google Internet Authority G2
        Validity
            Not Before: Jul  2 13:04:27 2014 GMT
            Not After : Sep 30 00:00:00 2014 GMT
        Subject: C=US, ST=California, L=Mountain View, O=Google Inc, CN=google.com
        Subject Public Key Info:
            Public Key Algorithm: rsaEncryption
                Public-Key: (2048 bit)
                Modulus:
                    00:ab:02:29:67:f1:08:cc:f0:5c:63:ff:75:b3:bd:
                    41:62:c6:83:0c:3b:e6:1b:9a:41:0d:dc:5a:b3:34:
                    db:a3:37:6f:4f:bf:f5:8a:01:39:6a:91:b7:d1:a6:
                    83:6d:c6:28:60:79:c9:07:f2:ad:23:00:f2:31:74:
                    b0:a3:d0:d6:ac:5a:f4:31:c8:98:9c:49:c6:20:0b:
                    ce:81:2b:51:b6:54:0f:65:54:f2:b3:08:c9:c0:c8:
                    ca:a6:ec:bb:fc:8e:a5:64:70:6b:dc:08:45:9c:14:
                    cd:cd:aa:49:fd:e9:a5:f1:7d:c6:f8:5d:52:e8:d8:
                    3d:21:81:46:49:ba:f7:bd:7d:07:42:31:cf:79:61:
                    b1:47:2c:ba:ce:5a:cd:52:4a:5f:d2:b6:88:d0:a2:
                    94:53:e2:65:d6:66:80:43:17:e1:2e:43:ab:ca:2f:
                    79:e6:11:8b:4a:35:fa:e1:43:e3:49:66:5a:1f:e0:
                    a3:1c:5e:1c:6e:aa:de:0d:ba:cb:20:e3:3d:9e:66:
                    47:32:25:3c:01:22:b3:69:a6:96:0e:2e:13:c7:fd:
                    70:c6:61:7e:a9:f0:ad:a4:a6:41:13:36:8c:46:74:
                    c8:a5:ac:b0:b5:17:00:b8:0e:62:79:1a:fc:7e:7c:
                    2b:f7:2e:c0:ab:07:fc:8e:46:3c:8f:f2:e5:6e:8f:
                    83:17
                Exponent: 65537 (0x10001)
        X509v3 extensions:
            X509v3 Extended Key Usage: 
                TLS Web Server Authentication, TLS Web Client Authentication
            X509v3 Subject Alternative Name: 

                DNS:google.com, DNS:*.2mdn.net, DNS:*.android.com, DNS:*.appengine.google.com, 
DNS:*.au.doubleclick.net, DNS:*.cc-dt.com, DNS:*.cloud.google.com, DNS:*.de.doubleclick.net, 
DNS:*.doubleclick.com, DNS:*.doubleclick.net, DNS:*.fls.doubleclick.net, DNS:*.fr.doubleclick.net, 
DNS:*.google-analytics.com, DNS:*.google.ac, DNS:*.google.ad, DNS:*.google.ae, DNS:*.google.af, 
DNS:*.google.ag, DNS:*.google.al, DNS:*.google.am, DNS:*.google.as, DNS:*.google.at, 
DNS:*.google.az, DNS:*.google.ba, DNS:*.google.be, DNS:*.google.bf, DNS:*.google.bg, 
DNS:*.google.bi, DNS:*.google.bj, DNS:*.google.bs, DNS:*.google.bt, DNS:*.google.by, 
DNS:*.google.ca, DNS:*.google.cat, DNS:*.google.cc, DNS:*.google.cd, DNS:*.google.cf, 
DNS:*.google.cg, DNS:*.google.ch, DNS:*.google.ci, DNS:*.google.cl, DNS:*.google.cm, 
DNS:*.google.cn, DNS:*.google.co.ao, DNS:*.google.co.bw, DNS:*.google.co.ck, DNS:*.google.co.cr, 
DNS:*.google.co.hu, DNS:*.google.co.id, DNS:*.google.co.il, DNS:*.google.co.im, DNS:*.google.co.in, 
DNS:*.google.co.je, DNS:*.google.co.jp, DNS:*.google.co.ke, DNS:*.google.co.kr, DNS:*.google.co.ls, 
DNS:*.google.co.ma, DNS:*.google.co.mz, DNS:*.google.co.nz, DNS:*.google.co.th, DNS:*.google.co.tz, 
DNS:*.google.co.ug, DNS:*.google.co.uk, DNS:*.google.co.uz, DNS:*.google.co.ve, DNS:*.google.co.vi, 
DNS:*.google.co.za, DNS:*.google.co.zm, DNS:*.google.co.zw, DNS:*.google.com, DNS:*.google.com.af, 
DNS:*.google.com.ag, DNS:*.google.com.ai, DNS:*.google.com.ar, DNS:*.google.com.au, 
DNS:*.google.com.bd, DNS:*.google.com.bh, DNS:*.google.com.bn, DNS:*.google.com.bo, 
DNS:*.google.com.br, DNS:*.google.com.by, DNS:*.google.com.bz, DNS:*.google.com.cn, 
DNS:*.google.com.co, DNS:*.google.com.cu, DNS:*.google.com.cy, DNS:*.google.com.do, 
DNS:*.google.com.ec, DNS:*.google.com.eg, DNS:*.google.com.et, DNS:*.google.com.fj, 
DNS:*.google.com.ge, DNS:*.google.com.gh, DNS:*.google.com.gi, DNS:*.google.com.gr, 
DNS:*.google.com.gt, DNS:*.google.com.hk, DNS:*.google.com.iq, DNS:*.google.com.jm, 
DNS:*.google.com.jo, DNS:*.google.com.kh, DNS:*.google.com.kw, DNS:*.google.com.lb, 
DNS:*.google.com.ly, DNS:*.google.com.mm, DNS:*.google.com.mt, DNS:*.google.com.mx, 
DNS:*.google.com.my, DNS:*.google.com.na, DNS:*.google.com.nf, DNS:*.google.com.ng, 
DNS:*.google.com.ni, DNS:*.google.com.np, DNS:*.google.com.nr, DNS:*.google.com.om, 
DNS:*.google.com.pa, DNS:*.google.com.pe, DNS:*.google.com.pg, DNS:*.google.com.ph, 
DNS:*.google.com.pk, DNS:*.google.com.pl, DNS:*.google.com.pr, DNS:*.google.com.py, 
DNS:*.google.com.qa, DNS:*.google.com.ru, DNS:*.google.com.sa, DNS:*.google.com.sb, 
DNS:*.google.com.sg, DNS:*.google.com.sl, DNS:*.google.com.sv, DNS:*.google.com.tj, 
DNS:*.google.com.tn, DNS:*.google.com.tr, DNS:*.google.com.tw, DNS:*.google.com.ua, 
DNS:*.google.com.uy, DNS:*.google.com.vc, DNS:*.google.com.ve, DNS:*.google.com.vn, DNS:*.google.cv, 
DNS:*.google.cz, DNS:*.google.de, DNS:*.google.dj, DNS:*.google.dk, DNS:*.google.dm, 
DNS:*.google.dz, DNS:*.google.ee, DNS:*.google.es, DNS:*.google.fi, DNS:*.google.fm, 
DNS:*.google.fr, DNS:*.google.ga, DNS:*.google.ge, DNS:*.google.gg, DNS:*.google.gl, 
DNS:*.google.gm, DNS:*.google.gp, DNS:*.google.gr, DNS:*.google.gy, DNS:*.google.hk, 
DNS:*.google.hn, DNS:*.google.hr, DNS:*.google.ht, DNS:*.google.hu, DNS:*.google.ie, 
DNS:*.google.im, DNS:*.google.info, DNS:*.google.iq, DNS:*.google.ir, DNS:*.google.is, 
DNS:*.google.it, DNS:*.google.it.ao, DNS:*.google.je, DNS:*.google.jo, DNS:*.google.jobs, 
DNS:*.google.jp, DNS:*.google.kg, DNS:*.google.ki, DNS:*.google.kz, DNS:*.google.la, 
DNS:*.google.li, DNS:*.google.lk, DNS:*.google.lt, DNS:*.google.lu, DNS:*.google.lv, 
DNS:*.google.md, DNS:*.google.me, DNS:*.google.mg, DNS:*.google.mk, DNS:*.google.ml, 
DNS:*.google.mn, DNS:*.google.ms, DNS:*.google.mu, DNS:*.google.mv, DNS:*.google.mw, 
DNS:*.google.ne, DNS:*.google.ne.jp, DNS:*.google.net, DNS:*.google.ng, DNS:*.google.nl, 
DNS:*.google.no, DNS:*.google.nr, DNS:*.google.nu, DNS:*.google.off.ai, DNS:*.google.pk, 
DNS:*.google.pl, DNS:*.google.pn, DNS:*.google.ps, DNS:*.google.pt, DNS:*.google.ro, 
DNS:*.google.rs, DNS:*.google.ru, DNS:*.google.rw, DNS:*.google.sc, DNS:*.google.se, 
DNS:*.google.sh, DNS:*.google.si, DNS:*.google.sk, DNS:*.google.sm, DNS:*.google.sn, 
DNS:*.google.so, DNS:*.google.sr, DNS:*.google.st, DNS:*.google.td, DNS:*.google.tg, 
DNS:*.google.tk, DNS:*.google.tl, DNS:*.google.tm, DNS:*.google.tn, DNS:*.google.to, 
DNS:*.google.tt, DNS:*.google.us, DNS:*.google.uz, DNS:*.google.vg, DNS:*.google.vu, 
DNS:*.google.ws, DNS:*.googleapis.cn, DNS:*.googlecommerce.com, DNS:*.googlevideo.com, 
DNS:*.gstatic.com, DNS:*.gvt1.com, DNS:*.jp.doubleclick.net, DNS:*.metric.gstatic.com, 
DNS:*.uk.doubleclick.net, DNS:*.urchin.com, DNS:*.url.google.com, DNS:*.youtube-nocookie.com, 
DNS:*.youtube.com, DNS:*.youtubeeducation.com, DNS:*.ytimg.com, DNS:ad.mo.doubleclick.net, 
DNS:android.com, DNS:doubleclick.net, DNS:g.co, DNS:goo.gl, DNS:google-analytics.com, DNS:google.ac, 
DNS:google.ad, DNS:google.ae, DNS:google.af, DNS:google.ag, DNS:google.al, DNS:google.am, 
DNS:google.as, DNS:google.at, DNS:google.az, DNS:google.ba, DNS:google.be, DNS:google.bf, 
DNS:google.bg, DNS:google.bi, DNS:google.bj, DNS:google.bs, DNS:google.bt, DNS:google.by, 
DNS:google.ca, DNS:google.cat, DNS:google.cc, DNS:google.cd, DNS:google.cf, DNS:google.cg, 
DNS:google.ch, DNS:google.ci, DNS:google.cl, DNS:google.cm, DNS:google.cn, DNS:google.co.ao, 
DNS:google.co.bw, DNS:google.co.ck, DNS:google.co.cr, DNS:google.co.hu, DNS:google.co.id, 
DNS:google.co.il, DNS:google.co.im, DNS:google.co.in, DNS:google.co.je, DNS:google.co.jp, 
DNS:google.co.ke, DNS:google.co.kr, DNS:google.co.ls, DNS:google.co.ma, DNS:google.co.mz, 
DNS:google.co.nz, DNS:google.co.th, DNS:google.co.tz, DNS:google.co.ug, DNS:google.co.uk, 
DNS:google.co.uz, DNS:google.co.ve, DNS:google.co.vi, DNS:google.co.za, DNS:google.co.zm, 
DNS:google.co.zw, DNS:google.com.af, DNS:google.com.ag, DNS:google.com.ai, DNS:google.com.ar, 
DNS:google.com.au, DNS:google.com.bd, DNS:google.com.bh, DNS:google.com.bn, DNS:google.com.bo, 
DNS:google.com.br, DNS:google.com.by, DNS:google.com.bz, DNS:google.com.cn, DNS:google.com.co, 
DNS:google.com.cu, DNS:google.com.cy, DNS:google.com.do, DNS:google.com.ec, DNS:google.com.eg, 
DNS:google.com.et, DNS:google.com.fj, DNS:google.com.ge, DNS:google.com.gh, DNS:google.com.gi, 
DNS:google.com.gr, DNS:google.com.gt, DNS:google.com.hk, DNS:google.com.iq, DNS:google.com.jm, 
DNS:google.com.jo, DNS:google.com.kh, DNS:google.com.kw, DNS:google.com.lb, DNS:google.com.ly, 
DNS:google.com.mm, DNS:google.com.mt, DNS:google.com.mx, DNS:google.com.my, DNS:google.com.na, 
DNS:google.com.nf, DNS:google.com.ng, DNS:google.com.ni, DNS:google.com.np, DNS:google.com.nr, 
DNS:google.com.om, DNS:google.com.pa, DNS:google.com.pe, DNS:google.com.pg, DNS:google.com.ph, 
DNS:google.com.pk, DNS:google.com.pl, DNS:google.com.pr, DNS:google.com.py, DNS:google.com.qa, 
DNS:google.com.ru, DNS:google.com.sa, DNS:google.com.sb, DNS:google.com.sg, DNS:google.com.sl, 
DNS:google.com.sv, DNS:google.com.tj, DNS:google.com.tn, DNS:google.com.tr, DNS:google.com.tw, 
DNS:google.com.ua, DNS:google.com.uy, DNS:google.com.vc, DNS:google.com.ve, DNS:google.com.vn, 
DNS:google.cv, DNS:google.cz, DNS:google.de, DNS:google.dj, DNS:google.dk, DNS:google.dm, 
DNS:google.dz, DNS:google.ee, DNS:google.es, DNS:google.fi, DNS:google.fm, DNS:google.fr, 
DNS:google.ga, DNS:google.ge, DNS:google.gg, DNS:google.gl, DNS:google.gm, DNS:google.gp, 
DNS:google.gr, DNS:google.gy, DNS:google.hk, DNS:google.hn, DNS:google.hr, DNS:google.ht, 
DNS:google.hu, DNS:google.ie, DNS:google.im, DNS:google.info, DNS:google.iq, DNS:google.ir, 
DNS:google.is, DNS:google.it, DNS:google.it.ao, DNS:google.je, DNS:google.jo, DNS:google.jobs, 
DNS:google.jp, DNS:google.kg, DNS:google.ki, DNS:google.kz, DNS:google.la, DNS:google.li, 
DNS:google.lk, DNS:google.lt, DNS:google.lu, DNS:google.lv, DNS:google.md, DNS:google.me, 
DNS:google.mg, DNS:google.mk, DNS:google.ml, DNS:google.mn, DNS:google.ms, DNS:google.mu, 
DNS:google.mv, DNS:google.mw, DNS:google.ne, DNS:google.ne.jp, DNS:google.net, DNS:google.ng, 
DNS:google.nl, DNS:google.no, DNS:google.nr, DNS:google.nu, DNS:google.off.ai, DNS:google.pk, 
DNS:google.pl, DNS:google.pn, DNS:google.ps, DNS:google.pt, DNS:google.ro, DNS:google.rs, 
DNS:google.ru, DNS:google.rw, DNS:google.sc, DNS:google.se, DNS:google.sh, DNS:google.si, 
DNS:google.sk, DNS:google.sm, DNS:google.sn, DNS:google.so, DNS:google.sr, DNS:google.st, 
DNS:google.td, DNS:google.tg, DNS:google.tk, DNS:google.tl, DNS:google.tm, DNS:google.tn, 
DNS:google.to, DNS:google.tt, DNS:google.us, DNS:google.uz, DNS:google.vg, DNS:google.vu, 
DNS:google.ws, DNS:googlecommerce.com, DNS:gstatic.com, DNS:urchin.com, DNS:youtu.be, 
DNS:youtube.com, DNS:youtubeeducation.com
            Authority Information Access: 
                CA Issuers - URI:http://pki.google.com/GIAG2.crt
                OCSP - URI:http://clients1.google.com/ocsp

            X509v3 Subject Key Identifier: 
                71:D7:BB:09:DE:42:EB:E5:E0:75:3D:49:64:97:E5:9A:8D:6E:C3:8E
            X509v3 Basic Constraints: critical
                CA:FALSE
            X509v3 Authority Key Identifier: 
                keyid:4A:DD:06:16:1B:BC:F6:68:B5:76:F5:81:B6:BB:62:1A:BA:5A:81:2F

            X509v3 Certificate Policies: 
                Policy: 1.3.6.1.4.1.11129.2.5.1

            X509v3 CRL Distribution Points: 

                Full Name:
                  URI:http://pki.google.com/GIAG2.crl

    Signature Algorithm: sha1WithRSAEncryption
         8f:f3:ec:dd:ca:45:d2:20:12:40:cd:ce:72:10:42:b5:ac:4b:
         8c:45:15:15:d7:9f:fb:01:e7:84:63:c6:41:b4:93:8b:79:ab:
         51:56:b9:3f:07:74:5b:c7:38:ad:f0:ee:97:53:3b:f8:2d:bc:
         94:23:ca:2e:1f:0c:5b:21:82:ae:b8:0f:55:43:1a:58:8f:4d:
         25:0a:80:32:a6:c9:ff:3f:43:f5:1f:39:63:9f:a6:82:20:b4:
         74:d4:e1:ef:e0:f9:92:c5:63:b6:e2:61:e4:e7:4e:c7:a3:dd:
         44:1b:32:e0:06:7f:84:b6:45:20:57:6a:71:07:c2:54:b0:69:
         9c:a2:f6:3f:5f:52:ca:9e:ba:77:b3:0b:4f:2a:b7:14:ca:c9:
         7a:6c:f3:ce:2b:aa:c1:0d:ea:33:8f:e6:39:24:83:84:dc:3c:
         ac:f0:83:2e:98:9f:2f:54:de:c4:c5:b0:05:a3:e3:ca:a5:13:
         9c:28:ba:6b:e9:ee:e0:10:41:4a:d7:78:cd:60:0f:79:0f:0a:
         e3:76:46:ce:7a:b4:84:1b:07:91:21:83:23:17:7a:77:e8:32:
         3b:14:7c:3a:a8:fb:d6:c2:bf:18:4a:ad:d7:c1:d6:30:cd:67:
         b4:8f:7d:27:43:97:b8:12:9d:0b:7e:ae:de:27:83:fa:89:29:
         d9:be:e4:43