Kami Kami - 6 months ago 97
PHP Question

PHP extract GPS EXIF data

I would like to extract the GPS EXIF tag from pictures using php.
I'm using the

exif_read_data()
that returns a array of all tags + data :

GPS.GPSLatitudeRef: N
GPS.GPSLatitude:Array ( [0] => 46/1 [1] => 5403/100 [2] => 0/1 )
GPS.GPSLongitudeRef: E
GPS.GPSLongitude:Array ( [0] => 7/1 [1] => 880/100 [2] => 0/1 )
GPS.GPSAltitudeRef:
GPS.GPSAltitude: 634/1


I don't know how to interpret 46/1 5403/100 and 0/1 ? 46 might be 46° but what about the rest especially 0/1 ?

angle/1 5403/100 0/1


What is this structure about ?

How to convert them to "standard" ones (like 46°56′48″N 7°26′39″E from wikipedia) ? I would like to pass thoses coordinates to the google maps api to display the pictures positions on a map !

Kip Kip
Answer

According to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geotagging, ( [0] => 46/1 [1] => 5403/100 [2] => 0/1 ) should mean 46/1 degrees, 5403/100 minutes, 0/1 seconds, i.e. 46°54.03′0″N. Normalizing the seconds gives 46°54′1.8″N.

This code below should work, as long as you don't get negative coordinates (given that you get N/S and E/W as a separate coordinate, you shouldn't ever have negative coordinates). Let me know if there is a bug (I don't have a PHP environment handy at the moment).

//Pass in GPS.GPSLatitude or GPS.GPSLongitude or something in that format
function getGps($exifCoord)
{
  $degrees = count($exifCoord) > 0 ? gps2Num($exifCoord[0]) : 0;
  $minutes = count($exifCoord) > 1 ? gps2Num($exifCoord[1]) : 0;
  $seconds = count($exifCoord) > 2 ? gps2Num($exifCoord[2]) : 0;

  //normalize
  $minutes += 60 * ($degrees - floor($degrees));
  $degrees = floor($degrees);

  $seconds += 60 * ($minutes - floor($minutes));
  $minutes = floor($minutes);

  //extra normalization, probably not necessary unless you get weird data
  if($seconds >= 60)
  {
    $minutes += floor($seconds/60.0);
    $seconds -= 60*floor($seconds/60.0);
  }

  if($minutes >= 60)
  {
    $degrees += floor($minutes/60.0);
    $minutes -= 60*floor($minutes/60.0);
  }

  return array('degrees' => $degrees, 'minutes' => $minutes, 'seconds' => $seconds);
}

function gps2Num($coordPart)
{
  $parts = explode('/', $coordPart);

  if(count($parts) <= 0)// jic
    return 0;
  if(count($parts) == 1)
    return $parts[0];

  return floatval($parts[0]) / floatval($parts[1]);
}