Paul Peelen Paul Peelen - 1 year ago 133
iOS Question

View with continuous scroll; both horizontal and vertical

I have been struggling with this assignment for quite some time now. What I would like to develop is a scrollview or collectionview which scrolls continuously both vertical and horizontal.

Here is an image of how I think this should look like. The transparent boxes are the views/cells which are re-loaded from the memory. As soon as a view/cell gets outside of the screen, it should be reused for upcoming new cell.. just like how a


Continuous scroll

I know that a
can only be made to infinite scroll horizontal OR vertical, not both. However, I don't know how to do this using a
I tried the code attached to an answer on this question and I can get it to re-create views (e.g. % 20) but that's not really what I need.. besides, its not continuous.

I know it is possible, because the HBO Go app does this.. I want exactly the same functionality.

My Question: How can I achieve my goal? Are there any guides/tutorials that can show me how? I can't find any.

Answer Source

You can get infinite scrolling, by using the technique of re-centering the UIScrollView after you get a certain distance away from the center. First, you need to make the contentSize big enough that you can scroll a bit, so I return 4 times the number of items in my sections and 4 times the number of sections, and use the mod operator in the cellForItemAtIndexPath method to get the right index into my array. You then have to override layoutSubviews in a subclass of UICollectionView to do the re-centering (this is demonstrated in the WWDC 2011 video, "Advanced Scroll View Techniques"). Here is the controller class that has the collection view (set up in IB) as a subview:

#import "ViewController.h"
#import "MultpleLineLayout.h"
#import "DataCell.h"

@interface ViewController ()
@property (weak,nonatomic) IBOutlet UICollectionView *collectionView;
@property (strong,nonatomic) NSArray *theData;

@implementation ViewController

- (void)viewDidLoad {
    self.theData = @[@[@"1",@"2",@"3",@"4",@"5"], @[@"6",@"7",@"8",@"9",@"10"],@[@"11",@"12",@"13",@"14",@"15"],@[@"16",@"17",@"18",@"19",@"20"]];
    MultpleLineLayout *layout = [[MultpleLineLayout alloc] init];
    self.collectionView.collectionViewLayout = layout;
    self.collectionView.showsHorizontalScrollIndicator = NO;
    self.collectionView.showsVerticalScrollIndicator = NO;
    layout.scrollDirection = UICollectionViewScrollDirectionHorizontal;
    self.view.backgroundColor = [UIColor blackColor];
    [self.collectionView registerClass:[DataCell class] forCellWithReuseIdentifier:@"DataCell"];
    [self.collectionView reloadData];

- (NSInteger)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)view numberOfItemsInSection:(NSInteger)section {
    return 20;

- (NSInteger)numberOfSectionsInCollectionView: (UICollectionView *)collectionView {
    return 16;

- (UICollectionViewCell *)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView  cellForItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath {

    DataCell *cell = [collectionView  dequeueReusableCellWithReuseIdentifier:@"DataCell" forIndexPath:indexPath];
    cell.label.text = self.theData[indexPath.section %4][indexPath.row %5];
    return cell;

- (void)collectionView:(UICollectionView *)collectionView didSelectItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath {
   // UICollectionViewCell *item = [collectionView cellForItemAtIndexPath:indexPath];


Here is the UICollectionViewFlowLayout subclass:

#define space 5
#import "MultpleLineLayout.h"

@implementation MultpleLineLayout { // a subclass of UICollectionViewFlowLayout
    NSInteger itemWidth;
    NSInteger itemHeight;

-(id)init {
    if (self = [super init]) {
        itemWidth = 60;
        itemHeight = 60;
    return self;

-(CGSize)collectionViewContentSize {
    NSInteger xSize = [self.collectionView numberOfItemsInSection:0] * (itemWidth + space); // "space" is for spacing between cells.
    NSInteger ySize = [self.collectionView numberOfSections] * (itemHeight + space);
    return CGSizeMake(xSize, ySize);

- (UICollectionViewLayoutAttributes *)layoutAttributesForItemAtIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)path {
    UICollectionViewLayoutAttributes* attributes = [UICollectionViewLayoutAttributes layoutAttributesForCellWithIndexPath:path];
    attributes.size = CGSizeMake(itemWidth,itemHeight);
    int xValue = itemWidth/2 + path.row * (itemWidth + space);
    int yValue = itemHeight + path.section * (itemHeight + space); = CGPointMake(xValue, yValue);
    return attributes;

-(NSArray*)layoutAttributesForElementsInRect:(CGRect)rect {
    NSInteger minRow =  (rect.origin.x > 0)?  rect.origin.x/(itemWidth + space) : 0; // need to check because bounce gives negative values  for x.
    NSInteger maxRow = rect.size.width/(itemWidth + space) + minRow;
    NSMutableArray* attributes = [NSMutableArray array];
    for(NSInteger i=0 ; i < self.collectionView.numberOfSections; i++) {
        for (NSInteger j=minRow ; j < maxRow; j++) {
            NSIndexPath* indexPath = [NSIndexPath indexPathForItem:j inSection:i];
            [attributes addObject:[self layoutAttributesForItemAtIndexPath:indexPath]];
    return attributes;

And finally, here is the subclass of UICollectionView:

-(void)layoutSubviews {
    [super layoutSubviews];
    CGPoint currentOffset = self.contentOffset;
    CGFloat contentWidth = self.contentSize.width;
    CGFloat contentHeight = self.contentSize.height;
    CGFloat centerOffsetX = (contentWidth - self.bounds.size.width)/ 2.0;
    CGFloat centerOffsetY = (contentHeight - self.bounds.size.height)/ 2.0;
    CGFloat distanceFromCenterX = fabsf(currentOffset.x - centerOffsetX);
    CGFloat distanceFromCenterY = fabsf(currentOffset.y - centerOffsetY);

    if (distanceFromCenterX > contentWidth/4.0) { // this number of 4.0 is arbitrary
        self.contentOffset = CGPointMake(centerOffsetX, currentOffset.y);
    if (distanceFromCenterY > contentHeight/4.0) {
        self.contentOffset = CGPointMake(currentOffset.x, centerOffsetY);
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