learnedOne learnedOne - 2 years ago 314
Javascript Question

How to read a binary file with FileReader in order to hash it with SHA-256 in CryptoJS?

how do I convert a UTF-8 string to Latin1 encoded string using javascript?

Here is what I am trying to do:

  1. I get a file, split that in chunks by reading as arraybuffer

  2. then, I parse the arraybuffer as string

  3. and passing it to cryptoJS for hash computation using following code:

    cryptosha256 = CryptoJS.algo.SHA256.create();
    hash = cryptosha256.finalize();

It all works well for a text file. I get problems when using the code for hashing a non-text files (image/.wmv files). I saw in another blog and there the CryptoJS author requires the bytes to be sent using Latin1 format instead of UTF-8 and that's where I am stuck.

Not sure, how can I generate the bytes (or strings) using Latin1 format from arraybuffer in javascript?

$('#btnHash').click(function () {
var fr = new FileReader(),
file = document.getElementById("fileName").files[0];
fr.onload = function (e) {
calcHash(e.target.result, file);
function calcHash(dataArray, file) {
cryptosha256 = CryptoJS.algo.SHA256.create();
text = CryptoJS.enc.Latin1.parse(dataArray);
hash = cryptosha256.finalize();

Answer Source

CryptoJS doesn't understand what an ArrayBuffer is and if you use some text encoding like Latin1 or UTF-8, you will inevitably lose some bytes. Not every possible byte value has a valid encoding in one of those text encodings.

You will have to convert the ArrayBuffer to CryptoJS' internal WordArray which holds the bytes as an array of words (32 bit integers). We can view the ArrayBuffer as an array of unsigned 8 bit integers and put them together to build the WordArray (see arrayBufferToWordArray).

The following code shows a full example:

function arrayBufferToWordArray(ab) {
  var i8a = new Uint8Array(ab);
  var a = [];
  for (var i = 0; i < i8a.length; i += 4) {
    a.push(i8a[i] << 24 | i8a[i + 1] << 16 | i8a[i + 2] << 8 | i8a[i + 3]);
  return CryptoJS.lib.WordArray.create(a, i8a.length);

function handleFileSelect(evt) {
  var files = evt.target.files; // FileList object

  // Loop through the FileList and render image files as thumbnails.
  for (var i = 0, f; f = files[i]; i++) {
    var reader = new FileReader();

    // Closure to capture the file information.
    reader.onloadend = (function(theFile) {
      return function(e) {
        var arrayBuffer = e.target.result;

        var hash = CryptoJS.SHA256(arrayBufferToWordArray(arrayBuffer));
        var elem = document.getElementById("hashValue");
        elem.value = hash;

    reader.onerror = function(e) {

    // Read in the image file as a data URL.

document.getElementById('upload').addEventListener('change', handleFileSelect, false);
<script src="https://raw.githubusercontent.com/CryptoStore/crypto-js/3.1.2/build/rollups/sha256.js"></script>
<form method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
  Select image to upload:
  <input type="file" name="upload" id="upload">
  <input type="text" name="hashValue" id="hashValue">

You can extend this code with the techniques in my other answer in order to hash files of arbitrary size without freezing the browser.

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