Nitin Mathur Nitin Mathur - 2 months ago 13
Android Question

Pause & Resume with Android MediaRecorder (API level < 24)

While using

, we don't have pause/resume for API level below 24.
So there can be a way to do this is:

  1. On pause event stop the recorder and create the recorded file.

  2. And on resume start recording again and create another file and keep doing so until user presses stop.

  3. And at last merge all files.

Many people asked this question on SO, but couldn't find anyway to solve this. People talk about creating multiple media files by stopping recording on pause action and restarting on resume. So my question is How can we merge/join all media file programmatically?

Note: in my case MPEG4 container - m4a for audio and mp4 for video.

I tried using
to merge multiple InputStream of respective generated recorded files. But it always results the first file only.

Code Snippet:

Enumeration<InputStream> enu = Collections.enumeration(inputStreams);
SequenceInputStream sqStream = new SequenceInputStream(enu);
while ((oneByte = != -1) {
fileOutputStream.write(buffer, 0, oneByte);

while (enu.hasMoreElements()) {
InputStream element = enu.nextElement();


I could solve this problem using mp4parser library. Thanks much to author of this library :)

Add below dependency in your gradle file:

compile 'com.googlecode.mp4parser:isoparser:1.0.2'

The solution is to stop recorder when user pause and start again on resume as already mentioned in many other answers in stackoverflow. Store all the audio/video files generated in an array and use below method to merge all media files. The example is also taken from mp4parser library and modified little bit as per my need.

public static boolean mergeMediaFiles(boolean isAudio, String sourceFiles[], String targetFile) {
        try {
            String mediaKey = isAudio ? "soun" : "vide";
            List<Movie> listMovies = new ArrayList<>();
            for (String filename : sourceFiles) {
            List<Track> listTracks = new LinkedList<>();
            for (Movie movie : listMovies) {
                for (Track track : movie.getTracks()) {
                    if (track.getHandler().equals(mediaKey)) {
            Movie outputMovie = new Movie();
            if (!listTracks.isEmpty()) {
                outputMovie.addTrack(new AppendTrack(listTracks.toArray(new Track[listTracks.size()])));
            Container container = new DefaultMp4Builder().build(outputMovie);
            FileChannel fileChannel = new RandomAccessFile(String.format(targetFile), "rw").getChannel();
            return true;
        catch (IOException e) {
            Log.e(LOG_TAG, "Error merging media files. exception: "+e.getMessage());
            return false;

Use flag isAudio as true for Audio files and false for Video files.