Jay Armstrong Jay Armstrong - 7 months ago 20
PHP Question

Using PDO to CREATE TABLE

I am very new to php and this forum, so please excuse any errors or misplaced questions.
In the code i provided, I am just looking to CREATE a Table in the DB "mydb". I tested the connection to the DB(It works). It is just the creating the table i am having issues with.
Any advice or criticisms would be appreciated. Thx

<?php
/*
*
* File: PDOcreateTabletcompany.php
* By: Jay
* Date: 24-10-13
*
* This script createsTableintoDB
*
*====================================
*
*/
try {
$db = new PDO("mysql:dbname=mydb;host=localhost", "root", "" );
} catch(PDOException $e) {
echo $e->getMessage();
}
$table= "tcompany";
$columns = "ID INT( 11 ) AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY, Prename VARCHAR( 50 ) NOT NULL, Name VARCHAR( 250 ) NOT NULL,
StreetA VARCHAR( 150 ) NOT NULL, StreetB VARCHAR( 150 ) NOT NULL, StreetC VARCHAR( 150 ) NOT NULL,
County VARCHAR( 100 ) NOT NULL, Postcode VARCHAR( 50 ) NOT NULL, Country VARCHAR( 50 ) NOT NULL " ;


$createTable = $db->exec("CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS mydb.$table ($columns)");

if ($createTable)
{
echo "Table $table - Created!<br /><br />";
}
else { echo "Table $table not successfully created! <br /><br />";
}
?>

Answer

As no rows are affected when creating table $createTable returns 0 see manual

PDO::exec() returns the number of rows that were modified or deleted by the SQL statement you issued. If no rows were affected,PDO::exec() returns 0.

As you are CREATING a table you will be free from SQL injection if your column names are hard coded( as in the code below). I have left $table = "tcompany";as you want to print table created( I would leave it out myself)

I have added error-handling which will show any errors in try block.

$table = "tcompany";
try {
     $db = new PDO("mysql:dbname=mydb;host=localhost", "root", "" );
     $db->setAttribute( PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE, PDO::ERRMODE_EXCEPTION );//Error Handling
     $sql ="CREATE table $table(
     ID INT( 11 ) AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY,
     Prename VARCHAR( 50 ) NOT NULL, 
     Name VARCHAR( 250 ) NOT NULL,
     StreetA VARCHAR( 150 ) NOT NULL, 
     StreetB VARCHAR( 150 ) NOT NULL, 
     StreetC VARCHAR( 150 ) NOT NULL, 
     County VARCHAR( 100 ) NOT NULL,
     Postcode VARCHAR( 50 ) NOT NULL,
     Country VARCHAR( 50 ) NOT NULL);" ;
     $db->exec($sql);
     print("Created $table Table.\n");

} catch(PDOException $e) {
    echo $e->getMessage();//Remove or change message in production code
}

NOTE in answer to comment use

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS