steveo225 steveo225 - 1 year ago 163
C++ Question

Force C++ structure to be byte aligned

I am attempting to read in a binary file. The problem is that the creator of the file took no time to properly align data structures to their natural boundaries and everything is packed tight. This makes it difficult to read the data using C++ structs.

Is there a way to force the

s to be byte align?


struct {
short a;
int b;

The above structure is 8 bytes: 2 for
short a
, 2 for padding, 4 for
int b
. However, on disk, the data is only 6 bytes (not having the 2 bytes of padding for alignment)

Please be aware the actual data structures are thousands of bytes and many fields, including a couple arrays, so I would prefer not to read each field individually.

Answer Source

If you're using GCC, you can do struct __attribute__ ((packed)) { short a; int b; }

On VC++ you can do #pragma pack(1). This option is also supported by GCC.

#pragma pack(push, 1)
struct { short a; int b; }
#pragma pack(pop)

Other compilers may have options to do a tight packing of the structure with no padding.

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