A_rmas A_rmas - 1 year ago 155
Android Question

USBdevice recognise as storage device and find path

How can I detect a mounted device such as a Pen-Drive, that can be used for storage? How can I find the path for the mounted storage device so I may read files from it?

I've used following broadcast receiver taking the permission to access mounted device:

private final BroadcastReceiver mUsbReceiver = new BroadcastReceiver() {

public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
String action = intent.getAction();
if (ACTION_USB_PERMISSION.equals(action)) {
synchronized (this) {
UsbDevice device = (UsbDevice) intent
.getParcelableExtra(UsbManager.EXTRA_DEVICE);
if (intent.getBooleanExtra(
UsbManager.EXTRA_PERMISSION_GRANTED, false)) {
if (device != null) {
// call method to set up device communication

Log.d(TAG, "onReceive: "+intent.getExtras().toString());
Log.d(TAG, "onReceive: "+intent.getData());
LinearLayout layoutUsbList = (LinearLayout)findViewById(R.id.layout_usb_list);
Button btn = new Button(MainActivity.this);
btn.setLayoutParams(new LayoutParams(ViewGroup.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT, ViewGroup.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT));
layoutUsbList.addView(btn);
btn.setText(device.getDeviceId()+"\t"+device.getDeviceName());
Log.d(TAG, "onReceive: "+intent.getExtras().toString());
final String path = intent.getData().getPath();
Log.e(TAG, "onReceive: path of device received from intent: "+ path );
btn.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
@Override
public void onClick(View v) {
File file = new File(path);
Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "file exists --> "+file.exists()+"", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "file is directory --> "+file.isDirectory()+"", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
Log.d(TAG, "onClick: file is directory --> "+file.isDirectory()+"");
try{
Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, file.listFiles().length+"", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
}catch(Exception e){
Toast.makeText(MainActivity.this, "error while showing total items", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
}

}
});

}
} else {
Log.d("ERROR", "permission denied for device " + device);
}
}
}
}
};


Manifest file:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>




<uses-feature android:name="android.hardware.usb.host"/>

<application
android:allowBackup="true"
android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
android:label="@string/app_name"
android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
<activity
android:name=".MainActivity"
android:configChanges="keyboard|orientation"
android:label="@string/app_name">
<intent-filter>
<action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN"/>
<category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER"/>
</intent-filter>


<intent-filter>
<action android:name="android.hardware.usb.action.USB_DEVICE_ATTACHED"/>
</intent-filter>

<meta-data
android:name="android.hardware.usb.action.USB_DEVICE_ATTACHED"
android:resource="@xml/device_filter"/>

<intent-filter>
<action android:name="android.hardware.usb.action.USB_DEVICE_DETACHED"/>
</intent-filter>


<!---->
<!---->
<!---->
<intent-filter>
<action android:name="android.intent.action.MEDIA_MOUNTED"/>
<data android:scheme="file"/>
</intent-filter>
</activity>

</application>



Answer Source

UsbDevice is recognized as massStorage Device If:

usbInterface.getInterfaceClass() == UsbConstants.USB_CLASS_MASS_STORAGE
                        || usbInterface.getInterfaceSubclass() == INTERFACE_SUBCLASS // int 6
                        || usbInterface.getInterfaceProtocol() == INTERFACE_PROTOCOL // int 80

and

usbInterface.getEndpointCount() == 2

where one of endpoint must satisfy following:

endPoint direction == 0
endPoint type = UsbConstants.USB_ENDPOINT_XFER_BULK //int 2
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