CrypTech Studios CrypTech Studios - 1 year ago 135
iOS Question

How to get data to return from NSURLSessionDataTask

I have a registration view controller which handles all the user input and calls a function in another class (wsClass) passing to it, that data as an NSDictionary.

The function in wsClass is called and the connection is made and data is returned from the server and available within the session.

My question is how do I return that data to the registration viewcontroller where the function was originally called, it's always coming up empty.

Here is the call in registrationViewController:

wsClass *ws = [[wsClass alloc] init];
NSDictionary *testDict = [[NSDictionary alloc] initWithObjectsAndKeys:username.text,@"username",email.text,@"email",password.text,@"password", nil];
NSDictionary *respDict = [ws sendData:testDict];

Here is the function being called in wsClass.m:

- (NSDictionary *)sendData:(NSDictionary *)sendDict {
NSMutableString *sendStr = [[NSMutableString alloc] init];

[sendDict enumerateKeysAndObjectsUsingBlock:^(id key, id obj, BOOL *stop) {
[sendStr appendFormat:@"&%@=%@", key, obj];

NSLog(@"sendStr is: %@",sendStr);
NSString *noteDataString = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"%@%@",REQUIRED,sendStr];

NSURLSessionConfiguration *sessionConfiguration = [NSURLSessionConfiguration defaultSessionConfiguration];
NSURLSession *session = [NSURLSession sessionWithConfiguration:sessionConfiguration];
NSMutableURLRequest *request = [NSMutableURLRequest requestWithURL:[NSURL URLWithString:urlTest]];
request.HTTPBody = [noteDataString dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];
request.HTTPMethod = @"POST";

NSURLSessionDataTask *postDataTask = [session dataTaskWithRequest:request
completionHandler:^(NSData *data, NSURLResponse *response, NSError *error) {
// The server answers with an error because it doesn't receive the params
// handle response
if(error == nil)
[getReqAlert dismissWithClickedButtonIndex:0 animated:YES];

NSError *e = nil;
jsonArray = [NSJSONSerialization JSONObjectWithData: data options: NSJSONReadingMutableLeaves error: &e];

if (!jsonArray) {
NSLog(@"Error parsing JSON: %@", e);
} else {

NSLog(@"resp: %@ = %@",[jsonArray objectForKey:@"status"],[jsonArray objectForKey:@"msg"]);
NSLog(@"Dictionary count: %lu", jsonArray.count);

[postDataTask resume];

return jsonArray;


Answer Source

The post completes asynchronously, so your wsClass needs to tell the caller about completion after post is finished. A nice way to do this is to augment the sendData method with a block of code supplied by the caller that should be run upon completion:

Change sendData: to look like this:

// it doesn't return anything, because all it does is launch the post
// but when the post is done, it invokes completion

- (void)sendData:(NSDictionary *)sendDict completion:(void (^)(NSDictionary *))completion {

    // the stuff you're already doing

        NSURLSessionDataTask *postDataTask = [session dataTaskWithRequest:request
            completionHandler:^(NSData *data, NSURLResponse *response, NSError *error) {
            // the stuff you're already doing
            // now tell the caller that you're done

The caller now looks like this:

// change the UI to say "I'm busy doing the post"
[ws sendData:testDict completion:^(NSDictionary *responseDict) {
    NSLog(@"this runs later, after the post completes %@", responseDict);
    // change the UI to say "The post is done"

Just a couple of notes about this: (1) I didn't add an error param to the block, you probably should. Check that and invoke the block with either nil and an error, or with the json output and error=nil. (2) Your code assumes that the json result parses as a dictionary. Make sure that's always true before you assume it in code. (3) Class names usually begin with caps.

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