I have been playing with Numpy and matplotlib in the last few days. I am having problems trying to make matplotlib plot a function without blocking execution. I know there are already many threads here on SO asking similar questions, and I 've googled quite a lot but haven't managed to make this work.
I have tried using show(block=False) as some people suggest, but all I get is a frozen window. If I simply call show(), the result is plotted properly but execution is blocked until the window is closed. From other threads I 've read, I suspect that whether show(block=False) works or not depends on the backend. Is this correct? My back end is Qt4Agg. Could you have a look at my code and tell me if you see something wrong? Here is my code. Thanks for any help.
from math import *
from matplotlib import pyplot as plt
x = range(-50, 51, 1)
for pow in range(1,5): # plot x^1, x^2, ..., x^4
y = [Xi**pow for Xi in x]
#plt.show() #this plots correctly, but blocks execution.
plt.show(block=False) #this creates an empty frozen window.
_ = raw_input("Press [enter] to continue.")
if __name__ == '__main__':
I spent a long time looking for solutions, and found this answer.
It looks like, in order to get what you (and I) want, you need the combination of
plt.show() (not with
blocking=False, that's deprecated) and, most importantly,
plt.pause(.001) (or whatever time you want). I think this is because it tries to mimic optimizations in MATLAB that cause it to delay drawing any changes to the graph unless there is a set time (pause) that will mean that whatever is displayed will actually be viewed. It's possible that this is implemented by picking up time from a sleeping thread, so maybe IDEs mess with that—I don't know.
Here's an implementation that works for me on python 3.5:
import numpy as np from matplotlib import pyplot as plt def main(): plt.axis([-50,50,0,10000]) plt.ion() plt.show() x = np.arange(-50, 51) for pow in range(1,5): # plot x^1, x^2, ..., x^4 y = [Xi**pow for Xi in x] plt.plot(x, y) plt.draw() plt.pause(0.001) input("Press [enter] to continue.") if __name__ == '__main__': main()