Ben Clayton Ben Clayton - 1 year ago 207
Javascript Question

Javascript: Get access to local variable or variable in closure by its name

Possible Duplicate:

How can I access local scope dynamically in javascript?

Hi all.

We all know that you can access a property of a javascript object by it's name using the [] syntax.. e.g. ob['nameOfProperty'].

Can you do the same for a local variable? Another answer here suggested the answer is to use window['nameOfVar']. However, this only worked for the poster as he was defining variables at window-level scope.

I assume that this must be possible in general, as Firefox's Firebug (which I believe is written in javascript) can show local and closure variables. Is there some hidden language feature I'm not aware of?

Specifically, here's what I want to do:

var i = 4;
console.log(window['i']); // this works..

function Func(){
var j = 99;

// try to output the value of j from its name as a string
console.log(window['j']); // unsurprisingly, this doesn't work


Bob Bob
Answer Source

I'm not aware of anything built into JavaScript to reference local variables like that (though there probably should be considering all variables are internally referenced by strings).

I'd suggest keeping all your variables in an object if you really need to access by string:

var variables = {
    "j": 1

Update: It kind of bugs me that there's no way to do this like you want. Internally the variable is a mutable binding in the declarative environment records. Properties are bound to the object they're a property of through the object's environment records, but there's actually a way to access them using brackets. Unfortunately, there's no way to access the declarative environment records the same way.

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