anujkk anujkk - 5 months ago 17
Python Question

How to dynamically select template directory to be used in flask?

By default flask uses template files stored in "template" directory :

/flaskapp
/application.py
/templates
/hello.html


Is there any way to dynamically choose template directory according to user logged in? This is how I want the directory structure to be :

/flaskapp
/application.py
/templates (default template goes here)
/hello.html
/userdata
/user1
/template1
hello.html
/template2
hello.html
/user2
/template1
hello.html
/template2
hello.html


Now if I have the username of logged in user and the name of template activated by user, is it possible to dynamically select the directory to load template files? For example,

/userdata/<username>/<activated template name>/


instead of fixed

/templates/


What I am trying to achieve is a wordpress like theme system for my web application where users can upload/select themes for his website.

Answer

There is also the possibility to overwrite Jinja loader and set the paths where Jinja will look for the templates. Like:

my_loader = jinja2.ChoiceLoader([
        app.jinja_loader,
        jinja2.FileSystemLoader(['/flaskapp/userdata', \
                                 '/flaskapp/templates']),
    ])
app.jinja_loader = my_loader

Directories are arranged in the order where Jinja needs to first start looking for it. Then from the view you can render user specific template like this:

render_template('%s/template1/hello.html' % username)

where username you can dinamically change in the view. Of course you can also there choose which template (1 or 2) to render. But basically what you really miss is this custom Jinja loader with the custom paths.

Hope that helped or gave the ideas :)

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