Egrodo Egrodo - 3 months ago 9
Apache Configuration Question

Is there any reason that the apache webroot /var/www/html is set as root-owned?

I just launched a LAMP dropplet from Digital Ocean and am starting coding. When trying to create a new directory inside the web root it says


mkdir: cannot create directory ‘blog’: Permission denied


I can fix this by running
chown -R user /var/www/html
but I'm wondering if this will break things or if there's a better way of doing this. Thanks!

Answer

You have a variety of options on permissions, but essentially www-data needs read (and probably execute) permission.

I like to redefine the DocumentRoot in my VirtualHost definitions to use something other than /var/www/html, anyway.

For example, you could use /srv/www/sitename, and then assign permissions myuser:www-data to it.

There are also numerous threads on the DigitalOcean forums (and around the internet) about permissions schemes for web files. (e.g. Proper Permissions for Web Server Directory.)

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