Lars Holdgaard Lars Holdgaard - 27 days ago 6
ASP.NET (C#) Question

How to access User in a service context in web API?

If you are in a controller context, you can access the current authenticated User. Take an article such as Get the current user, within an ApiController action, without passing the userID as a parameter .

However, if my controller calls a service (same assembly), but here I don't have the controller context.

What is the best way to actually get the authenticated user?

Answer Source

You can create an intermediate service to provide that functionality

public interface IPrincipalProvider {
    IPrincipal User { get; }
}

public class WebApiPrincipalProvider : IPrincipalProvider {
    public IPrincipal User { 
        get {
            return HttpContext.Current != null
                ? HttpContext.Current.User 
                : null;
        }
    }
}

and inject it into the dependent service context

public class MyService : IService {
    private readonly IPrincipalProvider provider;

    public MyService(IPrincipalProvider provider) {
        this.provider = provider;
    }

    public MyModel MyServiceMethod() {
        var currentUser = provider.User;
        var name = currentUser.Identity.Name;

        //...use user....

        return model;
    }
}

Finally make sure abstraction and implementation are registered with DI container in composition root of main application so that when service is injected into controller it would also be able to access current request's user.

[Authorize]
public class MyController : ApiController {
    public readonly IService service;

    public MyController (IService service) {
        this.service = service;
    }

    [HttpGet]
    public IHttpActionResult MyGetActiom() {
        var model = service.MyServiceMethod();
        return Ok(model);
    }
}

When Identity framework authenticates a user the user principal is then set for the current context.

If hosted in IIS you can tap into HttpContext to access the user like in the example provided earlier. MVC and Web API basically do something similar to populate Controller.User and ApiController.User.

If self hosting there are other ways to access it.

That fact is that once authenticated, the user is available. Encapsulate it behind an abstraction and you can injected where ever it is needed outside of a controller.

Asp.net Core introduced something similar IHttpContextAccessor which allowed service classes to access the current HttpContext out side of controllers

public interface IHttpContextAccessor {
    HttpContext HttpContext { get; }
}