user2240664 user2240664 - 5 months ago 38
Java Question

Runtime error Java

I am a beginner in Java and I have a run time error question. I have answered it correctly, however I do not completely understand the concept behind the answer. Could someone please explain why B is the right answer to the question, thank you:

Consider the following declarations:

private ArrayList<String> list;
...
public void printAll()
{
int index = 0;
while (index < list.size) {
index = index + 1;
System.out.println(list.get(index));
}
}


Assuming that list is not null, which one of the following is true about invocations of printAll()?

a)A run-time error occurs only if the list is empty.

b)A run-time error occurs only if the list is not empty.

c)A run-time error never occurs.

d)A run-time error always occurs.

e)A run-time error occurs whenever the list has an even length

Answer Source
while (index < list.size) {
 index = index + 1;
 System.out.println(list.get(index));
}

Here index is incremented before accessing the list. So it reads one element ahead everytime. So run-time error when the list is not empty.

If the list is empty then the condition while (index < list.size) will fail and hence the loop code that causes the run-time error will never be executed.

Although not relevant to your question, the correct code would be to increment the index after reading:

while (index < list.size) {
 System.out.println(list.get(index));
 index = index + 1;
}